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Careers360 has earlier reported on different issues related to transparency in CAT. We have now written an open letter to CAT 2016 Convenor seeking his response on the concerns raised by CAT takers.
Open letter to CAT 2016 Convenor (IIMs)
Date: 25 November, 2016
Prof Rajendra K Bandi,
CAT 2016 Convenor,
Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Bangalore
Subject: Transparency in CAT
It has been seven years since the Common Admission Test (CAT) was turned into a computer-based test with multiple testing slots. During this period, the scope of this national-level MBA entrance exam has only widened with increased capacity of existing IIMs and addition of 12 new IIMs. The efforts that IIMs have put towards making CAT scores acceptable for MBA admissions to more than 100 top B-schools in India is also laudable.
Unfortunately, along this journey, the IIMs have been increasingly inviting controversies for the way it conducts CAT. Doubts related to transparency of the testing system have mounted in the last seven years. This might also be one of the reasons behind stagnancy in the number of CAT registrations over the past seven years.
Sir, you would accept that there have been instances of technical glitches and wrong questions being asked in CAT in the past. There are also instances where IIMs have faced RTI (Right to Information) requests regarding issues related to transparency in CAT. With IIMs turning down requests for access to CAT raw scores and evaluation methodology, such issues have been reaching different High Courts also, leading to mistrust between IIMs and CAT takers.
We at Careers360 believe that aspirants have valid concerns. Transparency is missing from the CAT testing system at multiple fronts. As a public management institution and a torch bearer of best management practices, you also have an obligation to set high standards of transparency.
Through this ‘Open Letter’, we would like to know if the concerns of the aspirants, with regard to transparency in the CAT examination and result process would be addressed. We are listing out the concerns and hope that you would respond to them.
Ever since CAT turned into a computer-based examination, the question papers have not been made accessible to candidates. This puts a question mark on the credibility of CAT evaluation and scoring process as the test takers do not get any chance to revisit test questions and predict their scores. Candidates get the final scores which they are asked not to doubt.
Also, we know that it is a standard practice with many top exams in India to release answer keys. It is done for exams like UPSC Civil Services, JEE Main and NEET where the numbers are much higher than CAT. For example, JEE Main is taken by more than 12 lakh candidates which is about six times the volume of CAT takers. So, what prevents you from releasing the CAT answer keys and question paper?
The IIMs have been denying CAT takers access to their own raw scores despite a Supreme Court (SC) order asking public examination authorities to release evaluated response sheets which carries raw scores. IIMs have been evading CAT answer key requests and other RTI requests related to CAT evaluation process in the name of RTI exemption clauses. However, this does not stand legal scrutiny as the SC order relating to answer key release, says that “no exemption under section 8 is available in respect of evaluated answer books” and hence “the examining bodies will have to permit inspection sought by the examinees.”
The position that IIMs have taken on holding back the answer keys and response sheet is in complete violation of the SC order of August 9, 2011, where the apex court says that the provisions of the RTI Act will prevail over the provisions of the by-laws/rules of the examining bodies regarding examinations. I would like to remind you that the SC in its crucial order maintains that the response sheet, which is evaluated by exam authorities, is a record of information which essentially falls under the purview of RTI.
Further, IIMs also cite commercial interest of testing partners as the reason behind not allowing candidates to access raw scores. On different occasions in past, IIMs have argued that the announcement of answer keys/response sheet or allowing access to raw scores will create confusion among test takers.
None of the above logics stand in the face of the SC order in this regard. The SC order is attached here for your reference.
CAT was made computer-based in the year 2009. Simultaneously, it was made a multiple-session test, which would be held in 20 to 25 day window. The purpose of non-disclosure agreement was to restrict advantage to test takers who could gauge difficulty level and question types from the experiences of candidates appearing in earlier testing slots.
Now that the testing window has been reduced to one-day-two-session only, there could not be any such advantage or disadvantage to any candidates as a test taker of the second session can hardly get any time to comprehend questions of first session. Thus, the non-disclosure clause becomes irrelevant today.
Also, when Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) restricts CAT takers from discussing and disclosing CAT questions or answers, it also means that any anomaly in the question paper like wrong question or wrong answer options can’t be discussed and shared in public. With this clause, you reserve the right to decide if a question asked was right or wrong; and ensure that there is no public scrutiny of your decision.
Thus, the controversial Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) for CAT only raises doubts on the transparency of the testing system. Isn’t it time for IIMs to scrap the mandatory non-disclosure agreement?
What is the CAT normalisation process? How are CAT takers from different testing slots evaluated? How is raw score of CAT converted into percentile?
Though IIMs broadly answer these questions, the specifics of the evaluation process have so far been kept a secret. No authorised explanation of CAT normalisation is available till date.
Further, IIMs claim that CAT normalisation is similar to the normalisation process of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). Ironically, despite this claim, IIMs do not publish this detailed methodology of normalisation which is publicly available for GATE.
Will you make the CAT normalisation methodology transparent?
Last but not the least, you have announced that conducting retest is a possibility for candidates who might be affected due to technical glitch or any other test related problems. We would like to know what are the circumstances under which candidates become eligible for retesting? What is the procedure of application for a retest? IIMs must come clean on criteria for retesting so that candidates may properly understand this, and claim accordingly for a retest in case of any trouble during their tests.
Being an elite league of management institutions, IIMs are looked up to. You are expected to lead from the front when it comes to transparency. We expect you to come clean on the above issues related to transparency in CAT and IIM admission process.
MBA Aspirants and Educators look for your response on why the IIMs which are held in high esteem, are themselves failing in the transparency test?
Mr Prakash Javadekar, Union Minister, MHRD
Mr V.S. Oberoi, Secretary (Higher Education), MHRD
Dr Ashish Nanda, Director, IIM-Ahmedabad
Dr Raghavan Srinivasan, Director-in-Charge, IIM Bangalore
Dr. Saibal Chattopadhyay, Director, IIM Calcutta
Dr. Ajit Prasad, Director, IIM Lucknow
Dr Rishikesha T Krishnan, Director, IIM Indore
Dr. Kulbhushan Balooni, Director-in-Charge, IIM Kozhikode
Dr. Amitabh De, Director, IIM Shillong
Dr. Anindya Sen, Director, IIM Ranchi
Dr. Gautam Sinha, Director, IIM Kashipur
Dr B S Sahay, Director, IIM Raipur
Dr. Atanu Rakshit, Director, IIM Rohtak
Dr. Prafulla Agnihotri, Director, IIM Trichy
Dr Janat Shah, Director, IIM Udaipur
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Dear Akshat, CAT is exclusively conducted by the IIMs. So the selection for admission to any of the 20 IIMs is through CAT exam. Unfortunately no other score except for CAT score is accepted for IIM Ahmedabad. You can check their selection process at:
Dear Sai, IIMs look for Diversity factor in Academics. They have a special rating scale for Professional courses like MBBS,BDS, CA, etc. We shall help you with the admission process of IIM Ahmedabad just as an example to show how does the selection process work. There are 3 sections in CAT: QA, DILR, VRC. IIM A has released its 2019 cut off percentiles. Only those Candidates who have scored this percentiles will be shortlisted for further rounds. The cut offs are as follows:
VRC DILR QA Overall
General 70 70 70 80
OBC-Transgender 65 65 65 75
SC 60 60 60 70
ST 50 50 50 60
PWD 60 60 60 70
PWD-ST 50 50 50 60
On an average IIMs need a cut off 90 percentile and more for admission to their colleges. You can check the complete selection process of IIM A at:
Now based on these cut offs top 5 percentile from each Category will be short listed for WAT and PI. So inorder to be able to score these cut offs, you need to know the exam pattern and marking scheme. CAT exam paper can be Categorised into 3 parts:
Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension
Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning
The Verbal Ability section and Reading Comprehension has 34 Questions, Data interpretation-Logical Reasoning section has 32 MCQ questions and Quantitative Ability has 34 MCQ questions totalling up to 100 questions. Each Question has 3 marks and a wrong answer takes away 1 mark.
NCERT books will sharpen your basics and you need strong basics for preparing for any entrance examination. Once your basics are in place, because the time period for preparation is quite less, your preparation should be extensive and thorough.
Quantitative Aptitude covers almost 30% of the CAT question paper. QA can be categorised into Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Advanced Mathematics. Practise chapter by chapter and develop mental calculations. Like practise more of basic summation, subtraction, fractions and tables. Numbers, Percentage, Profit and Loss, Simple and Compound Interest, Ratio, Proportionality, Time-Distance, Time-Work, Mixtures, Averages, Partnership, Permutation and Combinations, Probability, Set Theory, Progression and Series, Line, Angles, Triangles, Quadrilaterals, Polygon, Circles, Ares, Volume, Height and Distance, Coordinate Geometry, Basic Trigonometry are few important topics.
Because this section involves mathematics and takes most of your time, your focus should be on solving the problems efficiently in the beginning. Even if it takes time, practise upto perfection. Practise as many questions as you can in the conventional way. As and when you get a grip on the subject, you can go for short cuts. Memorise tables, square roots, cube roots, conversion from percent to fraction, etc. Solve sample papers on Mathematics. In the beginning, do not worry about the time it takes. As you practise, you will get the hang of the subject and it will be easier for you.
In Verbal Ability session, command on your English, Grammar, Vocabulary, Understanding of the given paragraph are of more importance. Reading English NewsPaper will also help you in your preparation.
Read articles from time to time. Follow newspapers, magazines, and watch the news channels and browse the internet to keep yourself updated. You will need a lot of reading to help you in the comprehension section. You will need speed to help you in this section and you can achieve that only by thorough practise and reading. Take time to understand the question because most answers are interlinked.
Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning needs to be practised as much as possible. Comparison of data, Data Analysis, taking clues, interpreting missing data, coming to conclusions and making future projections will be covered under this Category. The questions here are interlinked and so if you get one formula correct, cracking the next few questions will be easy. So it's important to memorise and practise formulae. You should cover topics like Data tables, Data Charts, Bar Diagrams, Pie Charts, Graphs, Data Comparison and Analysis.
As this is the most tricky section, this needs a lot of practise. Solve as many sample papers as possible to get the hang of the section. Make notes when required. Regular practise can help you understand and solve the questions easily as time goes on.
Overall,once you know the syllabus, it's easier from there on.Go through the previous papers to analyse and prepare a comprehensive plan and set priorities according to the importance of different topics across sections. Customise your own study plan based on your strengths and weaknesses. Gauge your preparation from time to time by taking mock tests. Solve questions to check your levels of preparation but not to set any targets. Remember, its ok to have cheat days and relax. But make sure you have a plan and stick to it for the next few months
We can recommend a few books for you:
NCERT books to cover the basics from 6th to 10th Class
Quantitative Aptitude for CAT by Nishit Saxena
Quantitative Aptitude Quantum for CAT by Sarvesh Sharma
How to prepare for Quantitative Aptitude for CAT by Arun Sharma
Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Exams by Abhijit Guha
You can also download free downloadable e books at:
NIFT has nothing to do with CAT or GAT. Those are the exams for MBA. NIFT is for admission in fashion courses.
The eligibilitiy is just marks of your 10th and intermediate. The main point is the candidate must have qualified both from a recognised board and must be having PCM as the compulsory subject.
The exam has an age limit to be 23 and there is 5 years relaxation for category reserved candidates.
For more information please check the article:-
Hope it helps!
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