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CAT Parasummary - Practice Questions & MCQ

Edited By admin | Updated on Oct 04, 2023 04:34 PM | #CAT

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  • 6 Questions around this concept.

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Passage

In a study of children's reading habits, researchers found that those who were exposed to a wide variety of books from a young age tended to have stronger language skills and better comprehension abilities later in life. These findings underscore the importance of early exposure to diverse reading materials in a child's development.

 

Question

Which of the following can be logically inferred from the passage?

 

Directions: Read the passage below and answer the question.

 

The preservation of biodiversity is a pressing global concern. Ecosystems around the world are under threat due to habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change. Biodiversity loss not only threatens the existence of countless species but also has far-reaching implications for human well-being, as ecosystems provide essential services such as clean air and water, pollination, and food security.

 

Question:

 

Which of the following summaries best captures the essence of the paragraph?

 

Concepts Covered - 1

Parasummary

Introduction to Paragraph Summary:

 

Paragraph summary questions in the VARC (Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension) section of the CAT exam assess your ability to condense and summarise the main points of a given paragraph. In these questions, you are presented with a paragraph, and your task is to select the most appropriate summary from the provided options. Proficiency in summarising passages accurately is essential for success in this section.

 

Key Points:

 

Comprehension: To create an effective summary, you must first understand the content and main ideas of the paragraph. Identify the key points, arguments, or concepts presented in the passage.

 

Conciseness: A good summary should be concise and to the point. Avoid unnecessary details and focus on the most significant information.

 

Maintain Accuracy: Ensure that your summary accurately reflects the main ideas and themes of the paragraph. Do not introduce new ideas or distort the original content.

 

Identify Key Sentences: Pay attention to the sentences that convey the primary message of the paragraph. These sentences often appear at the beginning or end of the passage.

 

Elimination: When evaluating summary options, eliminate choices that do not capture the essence of the paragraph or introduce irrelevant information.

 

Examples:

 

Let's work through some examples of paragraph summary questions:

 

Example 1:

 

Original Paragraph:

"The impact of climate change is evident in various ways. Rising global temperatures have led to more frequent and severe weather events, such as hurricanes and droughts. Additionally, melting ice caps contribute to rising sea levels, posing a threat to coastal communities. Climate change also affects ecosystems, leading to shifts in habitats and endangering wildlife species."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Climate change affects weather patterns and habitats.

B. Rising sea levels and hurricanes result from climate change.

C. The consequences of climate change are devastating.

D. Melting ice caps and endangered species are linked to climate change.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

A. Climate change affects weather patterns and habitats.

 

Explanation: The selected summary (Option A) concisely conveys the key points of the paragraph, including the impact of climate change on weather patterns and ecosystems. It maintains accuracy and avoids introducing irrelevant details.

 

Example 2:

 

Original Paragraph:

"The importance of early childhood education cannot be overstated. Research consistently shows that quality preschool programs lead to improved cognitive and social development in children. These programs provide a strong foundation for future learning and success."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Early childhood education is crucial for cognitive and social development.

B. Quality preschool programs lay the foundation for future success.

C. Research emphasises the significance of early education.

D. Success in learning is linked to preschool programs.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

B. Quality preschool programs lay the foundation for future success.

 

Explanation: Option B effectively summarises the main idea of the paragraph, emphasising the importance of early childhood education in building a foundation for future success.

 

Example 3:

 

Original Paragraph:

"The phenomenon of social media has transformed how we connect and communicate. Platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram have become integral to daily life. They enable us to share experiences, stay informed, and connect with people worldwide."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Social media platforms are essential for sharing experiences and connecting globally.

B. Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram have revolutionised daily communication.

C. The internet has changed the way we connect with others.

D. Social media has transformed daily life and information sharing.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

A. Social media platforms are essential for sharing experiences and connecting globally.

 

Explanation: Option A summarises the main ideas, emphasising the significance of social media for global communication and experience sharing.

 

Example 4:

 

Original Paragraph:

"Effective leadership is a critical component of organisational success. Leaders inspire and guide teams toward common goals. They foster innovation, build trust, and create a positive work environment. Exceptional leaders are often the driving force behind successful companies."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Leadership is essential for organisational success, inspiring teams and fostering innovation.

B. Exceptional leaders drive successful companies by building trust and guiding teams.

C. Effective leaders create positive work environments and guide teams toward goals.

D. Organisational success depends on effective leadership that inspires and innovates.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

A. Leadership is essential for organisational success, inspiring teams and fostering innovation.

 

Explanation: Option A effectively summarises the main idea, highlighting the importance of leadership in achieving organisational success.

 

Example 5:

 

Original Paragraph:

"Globalisation has brought nations closer through increased trade and cultural exchange. It has facilitated the flow of goods, ideas, and information across borders. While globalisation has its benefits, it also raises challenges related to cultural preservation and economic inequality."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Globalization fosters trade, cultural exchange, and the flow of goods and ideas.

B. Cultural preservation and economic inequality are challenges posed by globalisation.

C. The benefits and challenges of globalisation are interconnected.

D. Trade and information flow have been made possible by globalisation.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

C. The benefits and challenges of globalisation are interconnected.

 

Explanation: Option C effectively summarises the main idea, emphasising the interconnected nature of the benefits and challenges associated with globalisation.

 

Example 6:

 

Original Paragraph:

"The world is facing urgent environmental challenges. Climate change, deforestation, and pollution threaten ecosystems and biodiversity. Conservation efforts are essential to mitigate the impact of these challenges and protect our planet for future generations."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Urgent environmental challenges like climate change and deforestation require conservation efforts.

B. Conservation efforts are essential to protect ecosystems and biodiversity.

C. Climate change, deforestation, and pollution are environmental threats.

D. Protecting the planet for future generations is a global responsibility.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

B. Conservation efforts are essential to protect ecosystems and biodiversity.

 

Explanation: Option B effectively summarises the main idea, emphasising the importance of conservation efforts in addressing environmental challenges.

 

Example 7:

 

Original Paragraph:

"The field of artificial intelligence (AI) is advancing rapidly. AI technologies, such as machine learning and natural language processing, are being integrated into various industries. These innovations have the potential to streamline processes, improve decision-making, and enhance user experiences."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Artificial intelligence is rapidly advancing and being integrated into multiple industries.

B. AI technologies like machine learning enhance decision-making and user experiences.

C. Rapid advancements in AI are transforming various industries.

D. Machine learning and natural language processing are key components of AI.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

A. Artificial intelligence is rapidly advancing and being integrated into multiple industries.

 

Explanation: Option A effectively summarises the main idea, emphasising the rapid advancement and integration of AI into different sectors.

 

Example 8:

 

Original Paragraph:

"The significance of a healthy lifestyle cannot be underestimated. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and sufficient sleep are essential for physical and mental well-being. Adopting these habits can lead to a longer, more fulfilling life."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. A healthy lifestyle involves exercise, diet, and sleep for physical and mental well-being.

B. Regular exercise and a balanced diet promote a longer, fulfilling life.

C. Physical and mental well-being are closely linked to lifestyle choices.

D. Adopting healthy habits can lead to a longer, more fulfilling life.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

A. A healthy lifestyle involves exercise, diet, and sleep for physical and mental well-being.

 

Explanation: Option A effectively summarises the main idea, emphasising the components of a healthy lifestyle and their impact on physical and mental well-being.

 

Example 9:

 

Original Paragraph:

"In today's fast-paced world, stress has become a common experience. High levels of stress can have detrimental effects on physical and mental health. Strategies such as mindfulness, exercise, and stress management techniques can help individuals cope with stress and improve their overall well-being."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Stress is common in a fast-paced world and can harm physical and mental health.

B. Mindfulness, exercise, and stress management techniques can help individuals cope with stress.

C. High levels of stress are detrimental to well-being.

D. Coping with stress is essential for physical and mental health.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

B. Mindfulness, exercise, and stress management techniques can help individuals cope with stress.

 

Explanation: Option B effectively summarises the main idea, emphasising the impact of stress on well-being and the strategies to cope with it.

 

Example 10:

 

Original Paragraph:

"The realm of space exploration continues to intrigue humanity. Advancements in technology have allowed us to explore distant planets and celestial bodies. The pursuit of knowledge about the universe and the possibility of life beyond Earth drive space exploration efforts."

 

Task: Choose the summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph.

 

Options:

 

A. Space exploration is driven by advancements in technology and the quest for knowledge about the universe.

B. Advancements in technology have enabled the exploration of distant planets.

C. The possibility of life beyond Earth fuels space exploration.

D. Humanity is intrigued by the realm of space.

 

Solution: The summary that best captures the main ideas of the paragraph is:

 

A. Space exploration is driven by advancements in technology and the quest for knowledge about the universe.

 

Explanation: Option A effectively summarises the main idea, emphasising the role of technology and the quest for knowledge in space exploration.

 

Creating effective paragraph summaries requires a deep understanding of the passage's main ideas and the ability to condense them into a concise and accurate format. Practice summarising passages to improve your skills in selecting appropriate summaries for CAT exam questions.

 

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