WAT tips: 5 steps to crack WAT round for B-School admission
Ashish Jha, 17 Jan 2017, #CAT
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Writing Ability Test (WAT) is an important part of selection process at many top B-schools including the Indian Institutes of Management. Over the past few years, Group Discussion (GD) has slowly been made redundant and WAT has made its way at top B-school admission rounds. This article of Careers360 brings to you expert advice and toppers' insights on cracking the WAT rounds at top B-schools.

According to experts, B-schools evaluate your WAT performance on the basis of quality of your content and writing style. Gautam Puri, Vice President, Careers Launcher says, “WAT tests the candidate's knowledge on the given topic along with the writing style. To build on these two, students must read newspapers and magazines, and cover a wide variety of topics ranging across the domestic and the international circuit.”


Experts believe that regular practice and evaluation is key to cracking WAT.

Gautam Puri says that a regular practice may get candidates into the habit of building opinions rather than merely collecting facts. “Practice is very important. The students must focus on their language skills- good grammar, appropriate vocabulary, correct punctuation etc during their practice sessions. Also, the students must practice putting pen to paper and work on their handwriting. It is important that one writes at least one or two essays on a daily basis and seek expert opinion on them,” he adds.


Evaluation Parameters for WAT


Arks Srinivas, MBA expert and CEO, VistaMind shares the evaluation parameters on the basis of which B-School Admission Committee assess the essays written by candidates.

  • Quality of content – Facts, Interpretation or Analysis, Conclusion/Opinion/Solution

  • Quality of Logical arguments - Support your Conclusion

  • Coherence

  • Clarity of Language

  • Basic Spelling and Grammar

Topper Experiences on WAT Rounds


CAT toppers also believe that writing on different WAT topics and expert feedback on the same must be a part of WAT preparation strategy.

Shubhra Pratim Halder, an IIM Lucknow student shares his experience of the WAT round at his B-School as, "My WAT topic was – ‘East is east and west is west and never the twain shall meet’. As I had practiced some abstract topics beforehand in strict time limit, I didn’t have much difficulty in attempting it."


Another IIM student Akshat Modi shares his preparation experience, “After getting the IIM call, I made it a habit to write at least five articles per week. After I wrote an article I would mail that article to three of my very close, able friends belonging to different domains (engineering, arts, and medicine). Their inputs always helped me and I always tried to incorporate their inputs into further articles.”  He adds that regular practice also helps you to manage your time during WAT. I strictly adhered to the clock with clear focus on first five minutes for thinking and last five minutes for conclusion.


IIM Kozhikode student Akshay Jayaprakasan says that mock WATs develop thought process on approaching different topics. “My preparation for WAT was limited to reading current affairs. However, in cases that such abstract topics are received, the best way to go about it is to find some analogy to some topic that you know well about. That was how I approached it.”


Careers360 brings you toppers’ insight on steps you should follow to crack WAT.


Here follows 5 key steps to crack your WAT:

1. Understand and analyse the topic:

After you are assigned a topic, you need to first understand the topic and analyse different angles around the topic. This helps you build your thought process and bring quality to your write-up.

Akshay Jayaprakasan who secured admission to IIM Kozhikode shares a deeper analysis of the topic helped him build the essay. “My WAT topic was a very abstract one- ‘The solution to a problem is a problem itself’.  Initially I was devoid of any thoughts. I was waiting for a spark to pop up. I thought about the various issues about which I had read in the recent times and corruption popped up in my mind,” Akshay says.


“I started writing about corruption and the Lokpal Bill by the government as a possible solution to it. I drew a contrast between the Jan Lokpal and the Governments version of Lokpal bringing in as many facts as possible. I concluded by saying if the right solution to a problem is sought then it will lead to solving not just the problem at hand, but also many interlinked problems,” he recalls.


Jayesh Ruchandani, who cracked common admission process of new IIMs, explains how he built his thought on the WAT topic. “My topic on WAT was ‘Road traffic has been a growing nuisance in urban and metro cities. What solutions would you suggest on individual level to tackle the problem?’.  I wrote about the problem of heavy traffic in cities, understanding of the problem and causes, followed by the solutions and impact of each.”


Sharing her experience, Prakriti Sharma, who secured admission to IIM Kozhikode, says, “My topic for WAT was ‘All government without the consent of the governed is the very definition of slavery’. I wrote about the importance of democracy and talked about the 13th amendment brought by Lincoln. I talked of the Indian context as well and tried to touch upon as many different angles as possible.”


Akshat Modi also explains how his clear understanding of the topic helped him analyse the same during his WAT paper. His WAT topic was: ‘Since there have been talks on formation of Telangana, analyse on the socio-economic impact on the newly formed states in India.’


“I broadly classified the three newly formed states of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand on their relative sizes and respective parent states. Since I hailed from Ranchi, Jharkhand, I focused only on Jharkhand and its transformation vis-à-vis socio-economic condition before and after its inception as a separate state. I then explained the social and economic changes that I had witnessed in the area since last 15 years and how it has changed the lifestyle and behavior of people, and what is the hope it has given,” he says, adding, “I supported my arguments with specific examples and finally concluded my viewpoint.”


2. Take your stand:

Based on your understanding and analysis of the WAT topic, you should develop opinion on whether you are for the topic or against it. In either condition, you need to substantiate your opinion with logical arguments and facts.

Deeksha S, who cracked WAT-PI to enter IIM Kozhikode, shares, “My topic for WAT was ‘a single rose can be a garden, a single friend my world’. I approached the topic by first explaining what I understood by the topic and then taking a side. I was FOR the topic and gave relevant examples regarding the same.”


Experts say your arguments in the WAT reflect clarity of your thoughts. Toppers also advise that your write-up should carry facts to support your claims. Akshat Modi says, “Continuous reading of articles in the newspaper and online was a must to maintain and improve the quality of the write-up. Also, I believe it is always advisable to support your arguments with facts and I tried to do the same and newspaper reading came in handy there.


3.  Follow a structure:

Experts say that a candidate must structure the WAT content before writing it on the piece of paper. They suggest that drawing a structure based on your understanding of topic is important as it reflects how you process information into your communication.

“Students need to learn how to analyse the topic, identify or build relevant arguments and finalise their position on the issue,” says Vinayak Kudva, Head – PG India & Mumbai Region, IMS, adding,“The next step should be deciding on the sequence in which it should be presented on paper. The candidates need to decide what will be the introduction, body and conclusion and finally, write the essay neatly and coherently.”

“I framed a clear structure in mind of how my flow of thoughts would be before putting pen on paper. That helped in conveying the idea in the best possible way,” says Akshay Jayaprakasan.


Prakriti Sharma says that writing a rough structure helped her develop on those ideas.


CAT topper and IIT graduate Akshat Modi who secured 98.72 percentile and secured admission to IIM Rohtak, believes he clearly communicated his viewpoint on the given WAT topic and presented it in an interesting way. I defined a proper structure in the beginning and gave the proper roadmap as to what I wanted to convey. Use of simple language and short sentences was something I focused upon.”

4.   Watch your time:

You should do a balancing act while dividing your time between building your thoughts and putting the same on the paper during your WAT. Given that the allotted time for WAT may vary at different B-Schools, you should also be ready with a strategy to complete both the component within given time frame.

According to the toppers they divide 10-15 minutes on understanding and analysing the topic, and spend remaining time on writing the same.

Jayesh Ruchandani of IIM Kashipur says, “Allotted time for WAT was 25 minutes. I spent around 13 minutes towards thinking and structuring the points and utilised remaining time in writing the essay. I was able to complete my writing on the topic in around 20 minutes. I spent the remaining time in proofreading and corrections.”


5.  Make it Short and Simple:

Last but not the least; your write-up should be short and easy to understand. You should also avoid using difficult words when it can be replaced with a short and easy word.

Sandeep Manudhane, Head, PT Education says, “As in life, so in WAT. Follow the K-I-S-S-S principle. KEEP IT SHORT AND SWEET STUPID. Don't use 11 words if 10 would do. You should not twist the sentence if straight would do. Be active not passive. Be direct not indirect. You should not use 'procrastinate' if 'postpone' would do. Put examples, facts, figures. Start well. End better. Be crisp.”

Also read:

IIM Personal Interview - The Interesting Experiences

How to tackle basic questions at B-School Interview

Top B-schools Admission Criteria

GD-PI: Tips to Crack FMS Admission Process

How Udit Dhiman cracked GD-PI-WAT to get Management Seat

How Aleena Chishti cracked GD-PI-WAT to get IIM admission

How to tackle GD-PI-WAT rounds at top B-Schools

GD-PI-WAT Preparation: Tips from Toppers and Experts

How Koustav Pal cracked GD-PI-WAT to get IIM admission

How Jobin Jacob cracked GD-PI-WAT to get MDI Gurgaon MBA seat

How Sombit Roy cracked GD-PI to get IIT Delhi MBA seat


Stay tuned to bschool.careers360.com for more topper interview on GD-PI-WAT for MBA admissions.

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Can u understand me the procedure of CAT exam? And I am under Graduate so what can I do for the preparation for this exam?

Hello Priyanka,
Hope you are doing well.

Yes you can start your preparation with your graduation. You will be eligible for CAT in your final year.
Common Admission Test orCATis a management aptitude test conducted by the IIMCAT for admission to MBA programmes offered by the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and other B-schools across India. TheCATexam is conducted in online mode at various test centres in over 156 cities.
Get here CAT selection procedure:

I hope this will help you.

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Malini S N 12th Dec, 2019

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what is the persentile in Cat to call IIM Bangalore???

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so study hard and best of luck.

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