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CMAT 2024 Preparation Tips For Logical Reasoning - Strategy, Tips And Tricks

CMAT 2024 Preparation Tips For Logical Reasoning - Strategy, Tips And Tricks

Edited By Team Careers360 | Updated on May 28, 2024 04:40 PM IST | #CMAT

The Common Management Admission Test (CMAT) is a computer-based national-level entrance exam for admission to MBA/PGDM courses. Since 2018, it has been conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). It is conducted in a single sitting. The CMAT score is accepted by about 1,300 B-schools (government and private) in India. In this article, we’ll discuss CMAT 2024 preparation tips for Logical Reasoning.

CMAT 2024 Preparation Tips For Logical Reasoning

The Logical Reasoning section in CMAT can be quite scoring if your preparation is up to the mark. This article will help you prepare well for the section by mentioning effective CMAT 2024 preparation tips for logical reasoning and the best books for CMAT preparation. Some of these tips are:

  • Develop analytical skills.

  • Understand the different types of questions asked.

  • Practice questions every day.

  • Take mock tests.

  • Improve accuracy and speed.


CMAT 2024 Exam Pattern

Before discussing CMAT 2024 preparation tips for Logical Reasoning, let us see some of the other details are as follows -

QUESTION TYPE

Objective – MCQ format

TOTAL QUESTIONS

20

TOTAL MARKS

80

MARKING SCHEME

4 marks for each correct answer

1 mark for each wrong answer

SECTIONAL TIME LIMIT

NO

DIFFICULTY LEVEL OF EXAM

Moderate to Difficult

COURSE OFFERED

MBA/PGDM

NO. OF TEST CITIES

124

As discussed above, the CMAT exam consists of 5 sections, all having the same importance because of the same weightage that they have. Each section has 20 questions. In this article, we’ll extensively discuss the syllabus of CMAT Logical Reasoning and the types of questions asked along with the strategies and CMAT 2024 preparation tips for logical reasoning which will help you master this section.

Understanding the CMAT Logical Reasoning Section

CMAT 2024 Logical Reasoning Syllabus

The syllabus of CMAT Logical Reasoning is similar to the syllabus of other MBA entrance exams. Here is a list of the types of questions commonly asked in this section.

  • Coding-Decoding

  • Syllogism

  • Visual Reasoning

  • Series Completion

  • Logic-based questions

  • Blood Relations

  • Number Grid

  • Strong/Weak Argument

  • Venn Diagram

  • Analogy

  • Odd One Out

  • Directions

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Also read:

CMAT Logical Reasoning Questions with Answers
CMAT aspirants can download this eBook and practice questions to boost their score.
Download EBook

CMAT 2024 Logical Reasoning Difficulty Level

The difficulty level of the Logical Reasoning section is generally easy to moderate. Out of 20 questions, 16-18 correct answers are considered a good attempt.

It is important to understand all the types of questions that are asked in this section, the major ones being analytical reasoning and puzzles, and to prepare a strategy accordingly.

Key Strategies for CMAT Logical Reasoning Preparation

Develop Analytical Skills

Logical Reasoning demands an analytical brain and a sharp mind so you need to exercise your brain. Pay attention to detail and look for connections. A fun way to improve your overall analytical aptitude is to practice brain teasers like sudoku and crossword puzzles.

Understand Different Types of CMAT Logical Reasoning Questions

As part of CMAT preparation tips for logical reasoning, you need to understand the nature of the questions. Generally, the logical reasoning questions of CMAT require direct usage of concepts unlike most other major exams in which concepts have to be applied. Your strategy will change according to the type of question you are dealing with. These are the different types of questions that need to be covered -

  1. Coding-Decoding :

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These questions involve letter, number and symbol coding. Among other things, familiarize yourself with these basics -

Letter position (A=1, B=2, C=3, …… Y=25, Z=26)

Opposite position of letters (A=26, B=25 …… Z=1, Y=2)

Opposite of each letter (A is opposite to Z and B is opposite to Y and C is opposite to X …… and so on)

  1. Syllogism :

This is a kind of logical argument in which two statements are used to prove that a third statement is true. Venn diagram is considered the most effective method of solving such questions. Besides, these are some basic rules for Syllogism that you should make a note of and also keep in mind.

  • All+All equals All

  • All+No equals No

  • All+Some equals No Conclusion

  • Some+All equals Some

  • Some+No equals Some Not

  • Some+Some equals No Conclusion

  • The conclusion is only correct if it satisfies all possibilities

Example:

Only a few rabbits are tigers.

No tiger is monkey.

All monkeys are lions

Conclusions: I: Some lions are not tigers

Conclusions: II: All rabbits being tigers is not a possibility.

a. Only conclusion I follows

b. Only conclusion II follows

c. Either conclusion I or II follows

d. Both conclusions I and II follow

e. Neither conclusion I

To solve this the most effective way would be to create a Venn diagram to understand the relationship between the different variables. See the below diagram for this question. From this, it is clear that both these conclusions are possible, hence option d. is the right answer.

1715315876090

  1. Visual Reasoning :

  • This involves using graphical representation and images to solve problems.

  • Some of the important chapters in this section are image and figure counting, cube and dice, Venn diagram, seating arrangement, direction and distance, etc.

  • Visual Reasoning also has interpreting shapes and manipulating 2D and 3D shapes.

  • Look closely at all the pictures one by one to figure out the common theme.

  • You may be asked to identify shapes on a folded/unfolded paper. In such a question, pay attention to the distance between a shape and a fold in order to understand where it should be positioned on the unfolded paper.

  • Also, look out for irregular shapes – their unusual features can help you figure out the orientation of cut-out shapes.

Example:

Find the odd one:

1715315875878

Option D is the right answer as the other figures have lines inside, while d only has curves inside.

  1. Series Completion :

CMAT preparation tips for logical reasoning for the series completion part are as follows –

  • Learn the squares of all the natural numbers from 1 to 25.

  • Learn the cubes of all the natural numbers from 1 to 20.

  • Determine if the series is increasing, decreasing, or alternating.

  • Analyze the series by checking the difference – by dividing, by checking multiples etc. between the consecutive terms.

  • Remember the EJOTY rule which helps in memorizing the number of a letter in the alphabet as E corresponds to 5th position, J corresponds to 10th position, O to 15th, T to 20th and Y to 25th position.

  1. Logic-based Questions :

These can be asked in a number of ways. You need to read the question thoroughly. Think of all the possible solutions. Compare the answer obtained with other possibilities. Every question is unique and requires a specific approach.

  1. Blood Relations :

  • Understand common types of blood relationship questions, such as identifying relatives, determining ancestral lineage, and solving inheritance puzzles.

  • Drawing a family tree makes things very easy.

  • In the case of the family tree and conversation-based questions, use “Me” as the introducing person.

  • Do not assume the gender of a person from their name.

  • Be thorough with the fundamental relationships between all family members.

  1. Number Grid :

  • Determine the type of series, such as arithmetic, geometric, or mixed in order to identify the pattern.

  • Look for consistent differences or ratios.

  • Identify any mathematical operations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division, that are applied to the numbers.

  • Determine if the series is increasing, decreasing, or alternating and find its rate.

  • Understand the patterns of the rows and columns.

Example:

Rohit calls Arvind the son of the only brother of his father’s wife. What is the relation of Arvind with Rohit?

(1) Uncle

(2) Grandfather

(3) Grandson

(4) Cousin

Answer (4). Rohit’s father’s wife is Rohit’s mother, who has one brother (Rohit’s maternal uncle) and Arvind is Rohit’s maternal uncle’s son, which makes Rohit and Arvind cousins.

  1. Strong/Weak Argument:

A strong argument is the one which is logical, practical and universally applicable whereas a weak argument is the one which is illogical, impractical and irrelevant. Generally, the questions are quite easy. For example,

Statement: Should those who indulge in ragging, despite the law prohibiting it, be punished?

Arguments:

I: Yes, those who violate the law, must be punished.

II: No, ragging has always been enjoyed by seniors and is not always traumatic for juniors.

Solution: In this case, statement I is correct. If something is prohibited by law, anyone who indulges in it should be punished otherwise there is no point in having laws which in turn would lead to anarchy. Statement II does not make sense. If the perpetrator of a crime enjoys committing a crime, it doesn’t mean he should be allowed to continue doing it. Besides, ragging may not be traumatic for everybody who experiences it, but it is so for many. And the law needs to protect such vulnerable people.

  1. Venn Diagram

  • Learn drawing and interpreting Venn diagrams.

  • Draw a rectangle and label it, then draw circles for each data set.

  • Make all the circles and overlapping areas large enough to write in.

  • Unique characteristics are to be written in each circle and the shared ones in the overlapping areas.

  • Don’t miss out on any characteristic or value.

  1. Analogy

  • Familiarize yourself with the nature of analogy questions, which generally involve identifying relationships between pairs of words or concepts.

  • Practice solving problems involving verbal and non-verbal analogies, including logical, numerical, and spatial relationships.

  • Learn techniques for recognizing different types of analogies, such as synonym analogies, antonym analogies, and part-whole analogies.

  • Understand and practice common types of analogy questions, such as completing analogies, identifying missing elements, and finding the odd one out.

  1. Odd one out

  • Look for common themes, characteristics, or features that connect most of the items. The odd item may deviate from this common pattern.

  • Pay attention to color, size, shape, number, or any other distinguishing characteristic. The one with a different value will be the odd one out.

  • If the list contains items from different categories, check if any item does not fall into that category. Check for similarities.

  • Such questions can be based on synonyms and antonyms. Here you need to be knowing the meanings of the different words.

  1. Directions

  • Understand the nature of such questions.

  • Practice solving problems involving directions, distances, and spatial arrangements.

  • Familiarize yourself with navigating directions, calculating distances, and solving problems involving movement in different directions.

  • Learn how to find the shortest route, determine the direction of travel, and solve puzzles based on spatial clues.

Practice Logical Reasoning Regularly for CMAT 2024

  • Regular practice is essential as part of CMAT 2024 preparation tips for logical reasoning as it gives you a reality check as well as a feel of the actual exam, besides being very useful for revision.

  • In the beginning, your focus should be on chapter-wise/topic-wise practice.

  • Get hold of all the types of questions that can be framed on a single topic and keep practicing them until you gain confidence.

  • Move on to the next topic only after completing the first one.

  • When you have covered all the topics, start practicing mixed questions.

  • Get hold of CMAT previous years’ questions and sample/mock questions and keep practicing them. This will help you get the exact idea of what types and level of questions are asked.

Enhance Problem-Solving Techniques

  • After thoroughly understanding the CMAT exam pattern and syllabus, and getting a good grip on the basics of the subject, gradually work on refining your problem-solving skills.

  • This is important for identifying your strengths and weaknesses.

  • Practice mock tests and CMAT previous year questions in order to enhance your problem-solving skills.

  • Always do time-bound practice.

  • Spend some time practicing tricks and shortcuts for tackling questions that have a lot of calculations. You cannot afford to waste time on lengthy calculations.

  • Memorize tables, square roots, cube roots, etc as part of CMAT preparation tips for logical reasoning, which will also be useful for Quant.

Improve Time Management

  • Proper time management is the key while preparing as well as while taking the exam.

  • From day 1 of your practice, keep track of the time you are taking to solve each section and the different types of questions in each section.

  • Some types of questions are time-consuming in their very nature and some specific ones may be time-consuming for you as you are weak in those areas. Work on them.

Tips and Tricks for CMAT Logical Reasoning

  1. Understand the Question Patterns

Do a detailed analysis of the updated CMAT syllabus and the previous years’ questions in order to understand the patterns of the questions. We have discussed the ten types of questions above. Write down the given data and important points and solve the question accordingly.

  1. Break Down Complex Problems

Break down complex problems into smaller, more manageable parts and then solve them systematically. This will help analyze the problem in more detail. Read all the instructions carefully and make a note of them as briefly as possible. Do not assume any information. It is important to understand the requirements of the question.

  1. Use Diagrams and Visualizations

Depending on the type of question use diagrams, visualizations, tables, charts and symbols on the basis of the details provided. Read all the statements carefully and make the deductions.

  1. Look for Patterns and Relationships

  • Try to find similarities between items in a sequence.

  • Determine if the series is increasing or decreasing.

  • Recognize the pattern and check whether it works in both directions.

  1. Follow the Elimination Method

Speed is crucial but do not be in such a hurry to answer that you ignore accuracy. More than one answer may be possible but you have to choose the better one. If you do not know the exact answer, try the process of elimination to narrow down your options. This is also known as lateral thinking and is a creative and indirect approach to problem solving.

  1. Work Backwards

Sometimes the best way to test whether your logic is consistent is to check whether the pattern works backwards. This may not always be relevant, but generally looking at it backwards will just mean the pattern in reverse and if it works in reverse, it will help reveal that your pattern is logically correct.

  1. Practice Mental Math Techniques

Mental math promotes logical reasoning and sharpens problem-solving skills. Master mental math multiplying, dividing, adding and subtracting, and rounding without pen and paper. It saves a lot of time. Try to get a grasp on Vedic Math in order to learn short tricks that will help you in logical reasoning.

  1. Manage Your Time Effectively During the Exam

  • It is important to manage your time effectively on the day of the CMAT exam.

  • 100 questions are to be answered in 180 minutes which means 1.8 minutes for each question which you may not find enough if you do not have good practice.

  • If a certain question is taking too long, leave it and move on to the next one. Come back to it at the end if you have time left.

CMAT 2024 Books and Other Resources for Logical Reasoning

CMAT preparation tips for logical reasoning wouldn’t be complete without discussing which books would be the best.

Best CMAT Logical Reasoning Books

BOOK

AUTHOR/PUBLISHER

How to Prepare for Logical Reasoning for CAT

Arun Sharma (McGraw Hill Education)

Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation for the CAT

Nishit K Sinha (Pearson)

A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning

Dr R S Aggarwal (S. Chand)


CMAT Previous Year Question Papers

  • Your logical reasoning preparation for CMAT exam is incomplete without practicing previous years’ questions as they provide you with valuable insight into the types of questions, the format and the difficulty level.

  • It is equally important to realize how to solve these questions in order to optimize the gain from them.

  • When you start your preparation of logical reasoning, go through the CMAT previous years’ questions in order to have an understanding of the paper.

  • Then shift your preparation to individual topics/chapters and do topic-wise practice.

  • Previous years’ questions are based on the entire syllabus. So, you are in a position to solve them only when you have studied the individual chapters.

  • Don’t waste your time solving the questions based on topics you haven’t studied yet.

CMAT 2024 Preparation: Common Mistakes to Avoid

CMAT preparation tips for logical reasoning include knowing what to do and what not to do. There are some common mistakes that can crush your dream of getting into a good college through CMAT exam. Avoid these –

1. Not going through the revised syllabus.

2. Not understanding the pattern and difficulty level through previous years’ questions and mock tests.

3. Making no detailed study plan keeping in mind your strengths and weaknesses.

4. Not making concise notes which help in memorizing and revision.

5. Not reading all the instructions of the logical reasoning question properly and jumping to conclusions.

6. Assuming information in a logical reasoning question.

7. Not breaking down the available information in the form of Venn diagrams, tables, etc.

8. Not maintaining your time properly during preparation and during the exam.

CMAT 2024 Mock Tests PDF Free Download

Click Here to download the CMAT mock test free PDF with detailed solutions.

Conclusion

The CMAT logical reasoning section is generally easy to moderate. You can easily excel in it if you thoroughly understand the different types of questions that are asked and consistently practice them, keeping a track of time all along. Try to work on your problem-solving skills and analytical aptitude in general. Work on every aspect of the CMAT exam. It is natural to find certain topics difficult initially but you can easily get the required help from online platforms and doubt groups work on those weaknesses and gain the confidence to crack this exam with disciplined and diligent preparation. It is important to stay motivated.

Download Free CMAT Logical Reasoning MCQs for Practice


Quick Link


Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. How many colleges accept the CMAT score?

The Common Management Admission Test (CMAT) is a national-level test. The CMAT score is accepted by over 1300 B-schools – all the AICTE-approved and affiliated colleges/ universities. After the result declaration of CMAT 2024 exam, all such colleges will release the cutoff and conduct the MBA admission process based on the CMAT score. Some of the top colleges accepting CMAT scores in India are JBIMS, PUMBA, Great Lakes, K J Somaiya, GIM Goa, BIMTECH, etc.

2. Does the CMAT have a sectional time limit?

No. The CMAT does not have a sectional time limit.

3. Does the CMAT have negative marking?

Yes. The paper consists of 5 sections with 20 questions each to be answered in a duration of 180 minutes. Each correct answer will fetch you 4 marks and for each wrong answer, 1 mark will be deducted.

4. Is the syllabus of CMAT the same as that of CAT?

The syllabus of the two is similar but CMAT has two additional subjects – General Knowledge and Innovation & Entrepreneurship.

5. Can logical reasoning be done through self-study?

Yes. Logical reasoning can be done through self-study. Get acquainted with the detailed syllabus and the types of questions asked. Diligently work on every topic – understanding them and practicing each type of question on it. Previous years’ questions will guide you and you can get good quality notes and mock tests from a number of online platforms.

6. How to prepare for the CMAT logical reasoning section?
  • Understand the syllabus and review the types of questions asked in the exam.

  • Practice questions daily from each topic.

  • Improve your analytical skills by doing puzzles and brain teasers in your free time.

  • Go through the previous years’ papers and solve questions from there. Take mock tests also.

7. How to prepare for the CMAT exam?

Go through the syllabus and gather all the books and study materials accordingly. Prepare a study plan and include time for practice and revision.  Gain a thorough understanding of the important concepts from each topic.  Practice questions from sample papers and previous years’ papers. Take mock tests regularly to assess your preparedness for the CMAT exam.

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Have a question related to CMAT ?

Hello aspirant,

Students gearing up for CMAT 2024 should utilize past CMAT question papers and other model papers to enhance their readiness. Accessing PDFs of previous CMAT question papers familiarizes students with the exam's format and the types of questions typically posed. This resource also aids in identifying key topics for study based on past CMAT papers.

To get the previous year question papers with solutions, you can visit our website by clicking on the link given below.

https://bschool.careers360.com/articles/cmat-question-paper

Thank you

Hope this information helps you.

The Common Management Admission Test (CMAT) is a national-level Entrance Examination conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) in India. It is an Online computer-based test held annually for admission to various Management programs offered by AICTE - approved institutions and university departments in india.

Click on the below link to download the previous question papers.

https://bschool.careers360.com/articles/cmat-question-paper


Dear aspirant !!

Hope you are doing good !

About 1,350+ best MBA colleges accept CMAT score in India . Among these, 988 colleges are privately owned, 122 colleges are owned by public/government organisations, and public-private entities own 8 MBA colleges. CMAT is one of the main accepting entrance exams in top MBA colleges in India.

Visit for more details on mba admission ;-

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://bschool.careers360.com/articles/mba-admission&ved=2ahUKEwja0-Dw3-GEAxWhc_UHHaTEBTIQFnoECBUQAQ&usg=AOvVaw0V936tb6n6pJiZL4rZ3wVU .

Hope it helps you !!

Thanking you !


Dear aspirant !

Hope you are doing well !

Some of the top MBA colleges in Ahmedabad include IIM Ahmedabad, MICA, Institute of Management, Nirma University, ICFAI Business School, Indus University, Silver Oak University, GLS University , etc.

For more ,visit the link ;-

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://bschool.careers360.com/colleges/list-of-mba-colleges-in-ahmedabad&ved=2ahUKEwiPnIbuntGEAxVyslYBHYC4AYwQFigAegQIExAA&usg=AOvVaw2B-HKx93CTi13bu3d4TX7N .

Hope it helps you !

Thanking you


Hello aspirant,

Colleges that accept the CMAT will each declare the CMAT cut off date of 2024. As more than 1000 B-schools throughout the country accept CMAT scores for admission to their MBA and PGDM programs, applicants should aim for a 100 percentile on the exam, which is between 345 and 360 points.

To know the cutoff of top colleges in Gujrat, you can visit the website by following link:

https://bschool.careers360.com/articles/cmat-cutoff

Thank you

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