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CAT VARC Sample Questions 2024 - Download Free Practice Set PDFs

CAT VARC Sample Questions 2024 - Download Free Practice Set PDFs

Edited By Team Careers360 | Updated on May 22, 2024 07:11 PM IST | #CAT

The CAT VARC Sample Questions are essential for the candidates because of a lot of factors, some of them being they replicate the actual exam questions, help the candidate to improve their time management skills, and help them to understand their weak areas and where the candidates must put their efforts in order to perform well. In this article, the candidates are presented with various CAT Verbal Ability Questions and Answers for Practice to help them gain much-needed practice and strategize their preparation likewise. Additionally, solving the CAT VARC Previous Year Question Paper can also be very beneficial for the candidates because, through this, they will be able to understand the latest CAT exam pattern.

The Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension section constitutes an integral part of a candidate’s CAT preparation. This is where the CAT VARC practice questions become significant as they help the candidate understand the level of questions asked in the CAT exam. The candidates are advised to practice these CAT exam VARC questions to enhance their management examination preparations. By analyzing the CAT exam previous year question papers and examination trends, it can be concluded that more often than not the VARC section has been a deciding section of the candidate’s admission. These sample CAT questions must be worked out by the candidates as they can also help them to highlight their weaker sections that requires attention. To ace this section, dedicated attempts at CAT VARC questions are necessary.

CAT VARC Sample Questions with Solutions

  • Practicing CAT verbal ability questions can give the candidates an overview of the difficulty level of the VARC section of the CAT examination.
  • All the VARC CAT questions that are given in this article are designed as per the level of questions asked in the CAT examination. You can find CAT reading comprehension questions, para jumble questions, odd one out questions, and para completion questions.
  • Practicing a lot of CAT VARC questions can ensure that students are well-versed in the examination structure and have a higher chance of performing better in the actual test.
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In this article by Careers360, various CAT VARC sample questions with solutions are given.

CAT Reading Comprehension Questions

Category: Business and Economics


Directions for Question: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.

In what was once one of Asia's most exciting emerging markets, Nguyen Van Nguyen sees only gloom ahead. Since 2008, his business in southern Vietnam's economic capital has suffered through two volatile bouts of inflation, peaking in August 2011 at 23 percent -- at the time, Asia's highest inflation rate. Now he's only accepting small overseas orders for Binh Minh, his once-thriving bamboo-screen factory in Ho Chi Minh City, to hedge against price fluctuations. He says customers in Australia, Europe, and the United States have decreased their orders following weakening global demand. Production costs across the industry have risen approximately 30 percent while customers are only willing to pay about 10 percent more, says Dang Quoc Hung, vice president of Association for Handicraft and Wood Industry in Ho Chi Minh City. Nguyen's hiring fewer workers for the summer high season and cutting their pay to about $120 a month, down from $200. "We can only work at a slow speed, and things are hard now," he lamented in late June.

The Communist Party of Vietnam would prefer that investors see cases like Nguyen's as simply one-off local effects of the global economic slowdown, not of a systemic weakening. In the two decades since the Communist Party instituted economic reforms in 1986, annual GDP growth averaged a remarkable 7.1 percent. Indeed, four years ago, Vietnam seemed like the next Asian success story. Before joining the World Trade Organization in 2007, the country's leaders pledged to do even better, speeding up a vast restructuring and privatization of their wasteful state-owned enterprises (SOEs), a process they euphemistically called "equitization." The International Monetary Fund predicted in 2007 that cheaper imports as a result of WTO accession could contain inflation, and that structural reforms could level the playing field between local and foreign competitors. But on Hillary Clinton's visit to the capitol Hanoi earlier this week, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung was forced onto the defensive, promising favorable conditions for foreign investors as he tries to keep the "Vietnam miracle" alive. Over the past decade, rising labor costs in China meant that its days as the factory of the world were numbered. Stable Vietnam, with its young, cheap workforce and serviceable infrastructure, seemed like the logical next choice. Foreign investment poured in throughout the mid-2000s, with net inflows more than tripling to $9.6 billion in 2008 from two years earlier. Vietnam was the "next Asian tiger in the making," said Goldman Sachs. "Foreign investors didn't care about governance or policy. They were driven by low labor costs," says Edmund Malesky, a political economist at the University of California at San Diego who focuses on Vietnam.

Ignoring the politics, it turned out, was a costly oversight. Few business people predicted the Vietnam of 2012: a country struggling with a weak currency, inflation, red tape, and cronyism that has led to billions of dollars of waste -- and home to a government that makes decisions like building oddly placed ports or roads that serve little economic value. Things started to turn south when Vietnam embarked on a $100 billion expansion in the domestic credit stock from 2007 to 2010, a program accelerated by the 2008 economic crisis. Instead of being directed towards private businesses, the government channeled the funds to politically connected SOEs, who used them to expand fervently into areas outside of their expertise, creating an increased demand for resources that fed inflation. Flush with cash, they were able to drive out smaller, more efficient competitors. The massive state-run shipbuilder Vinashin, which employed some 60,000 workers and oversaw 28 shipyards, diversified into almost 300 units, including motorbike manufacturing and hotels, after it raised an additional $1 billion from international investors in 2007. Officials hoped it would drive growth like South Korea's semi-public conglomerates. But in 2010, Vinashin was found to be falsifying its financial reports, and it nearly collapsed under $4.4 billion worth of debt owed to both local and international creditors, a number equivalent to almost 5 percent of GDP. It eventually defaulted on a $400 million loan arranged by Credit Suisse. Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung -- who backed Vinashin as his pet project central to the state-run economy -- was forced to apologize before the National Assembly during a painful self-criticism session. Dung's rivals, seeking to protect their own corporate fiefdoms and political offices, had found their scapegoat: Authorities sentenced eight executives last March. But instead of speeding up its much promised and grindingly slow process of privatization initiated in the 1990s, authorities swept the debacle under the rug.

Question 1: It can be derived from the passage that:

The problem of inflation cannot be handled in Vietnam.

  1. The problem of inflation cannot be handled in Vietnam.

  2. Vietnam is at the point of total financial ruin.

  3. The Communist Party of Vietnam refuses to reform itself.

  4. The Vietnamese economy is under extreme strain caused by systematic failures.

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Answer: D

Option A is not implied in the passage. Yes, inflation is a problem but the author does not say it cannot be handled.

Option B is too extreme an answer option.

The Communist Party of Vietnam is mentioned in these lines: The Communist Party of Vietnam would prefer that investors see cases like Nguyen's as simply one-off local effects of the global economic slowdown, not of a systemic weakening. We can see from these lines that option C is too extreme an answer option in this case. Yes, the party is a problem but option C is too extreme a sentiment and it is tough to comment about the future from the given context.

Option D is the apt answer choice in this case. It reflects the main idea of the passage and highlights the core sentiments of the author of the passage.

Question 2: The line ‘a process they euphemistically called “equitization”’ highlights:

A. an ironic situation showcasing the helplessness of the government

B. a sarcastic taunt that showcases the attempt of the government to conceal something

C. a mocking attempt that showcases the foolhardiness of the government

D. a critical analysis of the government policies that show systematic failure

Answer: B

First you need to know the meaning of the word euphemistic. A euphemism refers to a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing. In the given case, the author of the passage uses this word in a sarcastic taunt highlighting how the government has cleverly named restructuring and privatization of their wasteful state-owned enterprises (SOEs) as "equitization." Remember, this statement is a taunt for the government action and points out a flaw of the system.

Option A is ruled out as there is no irony (Incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs) in this case.

Foolhardiness means ‘The trait of giving little thought to danger’ and clearly does not fit in the given context. This helps us rule out option C.

Option D is ruled out as this statement is not a critical analysis in itself; the passage is.

Category: Science and Technology (CAT 2022)

Directions for Question: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.

As software improves, the people using it become less likely to sharpen their own know-how. Applications that offer lots of prompts and tips are often to blame; simpler, less solicitous programs push people harder to think, act and learn.

Ten years ago, information scientists at Utrecht University in the Netherlands had a group of people carry out complicated analytical and planning tasks using either rudimentary software that provided no assistance or sophisticated software that offered a great deal of aid. The researchers found that the people using the simple software developed better strategies, made fewer mistakes and developed a deeper aptitude for the work. The people using the more advanced software, meanwhile, would often “aimlessly click around” when confronted with a tricky problem. The supposedly helpful software actually short-circuited their thinking and learning.

[According to] philosopher Hubert Dreyfus . . . . our skills get sharper only through practice, when we use them regularly to overcome different sorts of difficult challenges. The goal of modern software, by contrast, is to ease our way through such challenges. Arduous, painstaking work is exactly what programmers are most eager to automate—after all, that is where the immediate efficiency gains tend to lie. In other words, a fundamental tension ripples between the interests of the people doing the automation and the interests of the people doing the work.

Nevertheless, automation’s scope continues to widen. With the rise of electronic health records, physicians increasingly rely on software templates to guide them through patient exams. The programs incorporate valuable checklists and alerts, but they also make medicine more routinized and formulaic—and distance doctors from their patients. . . . Harvard Medical School professor Beth Lown, in a 2012 journal article . . . warned that when doctors become“screen-driven,” following a computer’s prompts rather than “the patient’s narrative thread,” their thinking can become constricted. In the worst cases, they may miss important diagnostic signals. . . . In a recent paper published in the journal Diagnosis, three medical researchers . . . examined the misdiagnosis of Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person to die of Ebola in the U.S., at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas. They argue that the digital templates used by the hospital’s clinicians to record patient information probably helped to induce a kind of tunnel vision. “These highly constrained tools,” the researchers write, “are optimized for data capture but at the expense of sacrificing their utility for appropriate triage and diagnosis, leading users to miss the forest for the trees.” Medical software, they write, is no “replacement for basic history-taking, examination skills, and critical thinking.” . . .

There is an alternative. In “human-centred automation,” the talents of people take precedence. . . . In this model, software plays an essential but secondary role. It takes over routine functions that a human operator has already mastered, issues alerts when unexpected situations arise, provides fresh information that expands the operator’s perspective and counters the biases that often distort human thinking. The technology becomes the expert's partner, not the expert’s replacement.

Question 1: It can be inferred that in the Utrecht University experiment, one group of people was“aimlessly clicking around” because:

A. they did not have the skill-set to address complicated tasks.

B. they were hoping that the software would help carry out the tasks.

C. the other group was carrying out the tasks more efficiently.

D. they wanted to avoid making mistakes.

Answer: B

The passage presents findings from an experiment conducted at Utrecht University, which explored the impact of different types of software on human problem-solving behavior. The experiment compared two groups of people: one group used simple software, while the other utilized more advanced, sophisticated software. The results showed that those using simpler software were more effective in strategizing and made fewer mistakes. On the other hand, those who used the more advanced software seemed to disengage from strategic thinking and would often "aimlessly click around" when presented with challenging problems. This suggests that the more advanced software, rather than aiding the users, may actually hinder their ability to think critically and solve problems effectively.

Option A: The passage does not raise questions about the competency levels of the users in either group. Rather, it focuses on how the type of software being used affects problem-solving behavior. Consequently, Option A is not a valid inference based on the given information.

Option B: The passage clearly indicates that those using more sophisticated software tended to "aimlessly click around" when faced with challenging scenarios. This suggests a level of dependency on the software for problem-solving, which supports Option B as the correct choice.

Option C: While the phrase "aimlessly click around" does describe the behavior of the group using advanced software, it is not specifically used to compare or contrast the strategies adopted by the two different groups. Therefore, Option C is not an accurate representation of the passage's content.

Option D: There is nothing in the passage that implies this inference, so Option D is not the correct choice.

In summary, Option B accurately reflects the key point made by the passage, namely that dependency on more advanced software can potentially undermine the ability to think critically and solve problems. Therefore, the correct answer is Option B.

Question 2: From the passage, we can infer that the author is apprehensive about the use of sophisticated automation for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that:

A. it stunts the development of its users.

B. it could mislead people.

C. computers could replace humans.

D. it stops users from exercising their minds.

Answer: C

The passage delves into the limitations of advanced software tools, especially their impact on human cognition and decision-making. Specifically, it mentions research from information scientists at Utrecht University and a paper published in the journal "Diagnosis" to illustrate these points.


Option A: The research conducted by information scientists at Utrecht University, referenced in the second paragraph, suggests that the excessive use of sophisticated software tools can have a detrimental effect on human cognitive capabilities. It argues that such tools may, in fact, impede thinking and learning. Given that this observation aligns with the passage's critique of advanced software, Option A cannot be the correct answer.

Option B: The passage's penultimate paragraph argues that "highly constrained tools," primarily designed for data capture, can mislead users by causing them to overemphasize less relevant data. This could lead them away from achieving their intended objectives. Similar to Option A, this point complements the passage's overarching argument, thereby disqualifying Option B as the correct answer.

Option C: The passage makes no claim that advanced software can fully replace human capabilities. In fact, it argues quite the opposite. The example cited from the journal "Diagnosis" serves to underline the limitations of using such software, especially in critical areas like medical diagnosis. Therefore, Option C is the correct choice as it correctly identifies that the software is not a replacement for human skills and judgment, a point implicitly made by the passage.

Option D: This option can be traced back to the ideas presented in the second and third paragraphs of the passage, but these sections don't establish it as the answer to the central question posed. Therefore, Option D is not the correct answer.

In summary, the correct answer is Option C. This option accurately reflects the passage's stance that while software may serve as a valuable tool, it cannot serve as a complete substitute for human judgment and expertise.

Category: Philosophy and Sociology (CAT 2022)

Directions for Question: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.
Sociologists working in the Chicago School tradition have focused on how rapid or dramatic social change causes increases in crime. Just as Durkheim, Marx, Toennies, and other European sociologists thought that the rapid changes produced by industrialization and urbanization produced crime and disorder, so too did the Chicago School theorists. The location of the University of Chicago provided an excellent opportunity for Park, Burgess, and McKenzie to study the social ecology of the city. Shaw and McKay found . . . that areas of the city characterized by high levels of social disorganization had higher rates of crime and delinquency.

In the 1920s and 1930s Chicago, like many American cities, experienced considerable immigration. Rapid population growth is a disorganizing influence, but growth resulting from in-migration of very different people is particularly disruptive. Chicago’s in-migrants were both native-born whites and blacks from rural areas and small towns, and foreign immigrants. The heavy industry of cities like Chicago, Detroit, and Pittsburgh drew those seeking opportunities and new lives. Farmers and villagers from America’s hinterland, like their European cousins of whom Durkheim wrote, moved in large numbers into cities. At the start of the twentieth century, Americans were predominately a rural population, but by the century’s mid-point, most lived in urban areas. The social lives of these migrants, as well as those already living in the cities they moved to, were disrupted by the differences between urban and rural life. According to social disorganization theory, until the social ecology of the ‘‘new place’’ can adapt, this rapid change is a criminogenic influence. But most rural migrants, and even many of the foreign immigrants to the city, looked like and eventually spoke the same language as the natives of the cities into which they moved. These similarities allowed for more rapid social integration for these migrants than was the case for African Americans and most foreign immigrants.

In these same decades, America experienced what has been called ‘‘the great migration’’: the massive movement of African Americans out of the rural South and into northern (and some southern) cities. The scale of this migration is one of the most dramatic in human history. These migrants, unlike their white counterparts, were not integrated into the cities they now called home. In fact, most American cities at the end of the twentieth century were characterized by high levels of racial residential segregation . . . Failure to integrate these immigrants, coupled with other forces of social disorganization such as crowding, poverty, and illness, caused crime rates to climb in the cities, particularly in the segregated wards and neighbourhoods where the migrants were forced to live.

Foreign immigrants during this period did not look as dramatically different from the rest of the population as blacks did, but the migrants from eastern and southern Europe who came to American cities did not speak English, and were frequently Catholic, while the native born were mostly Protestant. The combination of rapid population growth with the diversity of those moving into the cities created what the Chicago School sociologists called social disorganization.

Question 1: A fundamental conclusion by the author is that:

A. according to European sociologists, crime in America is mainly in Chicago.

B. the best circumstances for crime to flourish are when there are severe racial disparities.

C. to prevent crime, it is important to maintain social order through maintaining social segregation.

D. rapid population growth and demographic diversity give rise to social disorganization that can feed the growth of crime.

Answer: D

The passage serves as a case study, focusing on the relationship between rapid or dramatic social changes and the escalation of crime rates in Chicago. Specifically, it delves into the concept of social disorganization and its impact on increasing crime in that city.

Starting with Option A, it can be easily dismissed because the passage does not engage in comparative analysis between crime rates in Chicago and those in other states. Therefore, this option fails to capture the central theme or main conclusion of the passage.

Moving to Option B, it is important to note that while the passage does discuss social disorganization, it does not narrow its focus solely to racial issues. Thus, Option B inaccurately distills the main points of the text and is therefore not a suitable choice.

Option C can be ruled out for similarly significant reasons. It misrepresents the central argument of the passage, thereby distorting its main idea. It is, thus, an inaccurate reflection of what the passage aims to convey.

Option D, on the other hand, accurately encapsulates the primary focus of the passage, which is the connection between social disorganization and growing crime rates in Chicago. It directly aligns with the key points and the overarching conclusion presented in the text.

In summary, Option D emerges as the most accurate choice, effectively summarizing the core message of the passage. It aligns well with the case study's exploration of how social disorganization has led to an increase in crime rates in Chicago. Therefore, Option D is the correct answer for this exercise.

Question 2: Which one of the following sets of words/phrases best encapsulates the issues discussed in the passage?

A. Chicago School; Native-born Whites; European immigrants; Poverty

B. Chicago School; Social organisation; Migration; Crime

C. Durkheim; Marx; Toennies; Shaw

D. Rapid population growth; Heavy industry; Segregation; Crime

Answer: B

The passage primarily focuses on the work of sociologists affiliated with the Chicago school, examining the link between social disorganization and escalating crime rates. It delves into the history of American urban areas during the 1920s and 1930s, highlighting the influx of immigrants as a major contributing factor to rising crime. The passage specifically states that factors such as the inability to effectively integrate these immigrants, along with other elements of social disorganization like overcrowding, poverty, and illness, led to elevated crime rates. These negative outcomes were particularly acute in segregated neighborhoods where immigrants were often confined.

In the context of the multiple-choice options provided, Options A and C can be swiftly dismissed. Neither of these options directly addresses the core topics discussed in the passage—namely, social disorganization or crime rates. They are, therefore, not suitable summaries or reflections of the passage's main focus.

Between Options B and D, B emerges as the more appropriate choice. While Option D mentions "population growth," the passage emphasizes that it was not mere growth in numbers but rather the specific dynamics of immigration that led to social disorganization and, in turn, higher crime rates. Option D also introduces the term "heavy industry," which is not a keyword or a focus in the passage, making it less relevant as a summary. Option B, on the other hand, succinctly encapsulates the key elements discussed: migration, social disorganization, and rising crime rates in urban centers.

Therefore, Option B serves as the most accurate summary of the passage's primary themes and arguments, making it the correct choice for this exercise. It captures the essence of the Chicago school's focus on the relationship between migration-induced social disorganization and the escalation of crime rates in American cities during the 1920s and 1930s.


CAT Odd One Out Questions

1. Select the sentence that does not fit logically or thematically with the others.

Sentences:

A) The scientists conducted experiments to study the behaviour of subatomic particles in particle accelerators.

B) The art gallery hosted an exhibition featuring abstract paintings and sculptures.

C) The hikers explored the dense rainforest, encountering exotic wildlife and lush vegetation.

D) The marketing team implemented a new advertising campaign to promote the company's products

E) The school choir rehearsed classical compositions for an upcoming concert.

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

  5. E

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Answer: 1

In this set of sentences, all except sentence A are related to specific activities, events, or creative works. Sentence B discusses an art gallery exhibition, sentence C talks about hikers exploring a rainforest, sentence D mentions a marketing team implementing an advertising campaign, and sentence E is about a school choir rehearsing classical compositions.

However, sentence A stands out as it discusses scientists conducting experiments to study the behaviour of subatomic particles in particle accelerators. This sentence focuses on scientific research and experimentation, while the others are more about art, outdoor exploration, marketing, and musical preparation.

So, sentence A is the misfit in this set.

2. Select the sentence that does not fit logically or thematically with the others.

Sentences:

A) The museum exhibit showcased a stunning collection of ancient artefacts from various civilizations.

B) The novelist spent years researching historical events to accurately depict them in her novels.

C) The construction crew worked tirelessly to complete the new skyscraper on schedule.

D) The travel guidebook offered recommendations for exploring the vibrant street markets and local cuisine.

E) The orchestra performed a symphony composed by a renowned contemporary musician.

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

  5. E

Answer: 2

In this set of sentences, all except sentence B are related to specific activities, projects, or creative works. Sentence A discusses a museum exhibit, sentence C talks about a construction project, sentence D mentions a travel guidebook and sentence E is about an orchestra performance.

However, sentence B stands out as it discusses a novelist spending years researching historical events to accurately depict them in her novels. This sentence focuses on a writer's research process, while the others are more about the presentation of artefacts, construction work, travel recommendations, and musical performances.

So, sentence B is the misfit in this set.

3. Select the sentence that does not fit logically or thematically with the others.

Sentences:

A) The documentary film explored the effects of climate change on polar bear populations in the Arctic.

B) The high school students celebrated their graduation with a prom dance and awards ceremony.

C) The detective solved the complex murder case after months of investigation and analysis.

D) The gardeners planted a variety of colourful flowers to create a vibrant and inviting garden.

E) The new software update included enhanced security features to protect user data.

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

  5. E

Answer: 2

In this set of sentences, all except sentence B are related to specific subjects or activities. Sentence A discusses a documentary film about climate change, sentence C is about a detective solving a murder case, sentence D talks about gardeners planting flowers, and sentence E mentions a software update with enhanced security features.

However, sentence B stands out as it discusses high school students celebrating their graduation with a prom dance and awards ceremony, which is a social and educational event. It does not fit thematically with the other sentences, which are more focused on topics like science, investigation, gardening, and technology.

So, sentence B is the misfit in this set.

4. Select the sentence that does not fit logically or thematically with the others.

Sentences:

A) The scientist discovered a new species of butterfly in the Amazon rainforest.

B) The children enjoyed a fun day at the amusement park, riding roller coasters and playing games.

C) The historical novel provided a detailed account of life during the Victorian era.

D) The mountaineers reached the summit of the tallest peak in the Himalayas after a challenging ascent.

E) The CEO announced record-breaking quarterly profits during the company's shareholders meeting.

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

  5. E

Answer: 5

In this set of sentences, all except sentence E are related to specific activities, events, or achievements. Sentence A discusses a scientific discovery, sentence B describes a day at an amusement park, sentence C talks about a historical novel, and sentence D mentions mountaineers reaching a summit after an ascent.

However, sentence E stands out as it discusses a CEO's announcement of record-breaking quarterly profits during a company's shareholders meeting, which is a business-related event. It does not fit thematically with the other sentences, which are more focused on science, recreation, literature, and outdoor adventures.

So, sentence E is the misfit in this set.

5. Select the sentence that does not fit logically or thematically with the others.

Sentences:

A) The art gallery featured an impressive collection of paintings by renowned artists.

B) The chef skillfully prepared a gourmet meal using locally sourced ingredients.

C) The marathon runners crossed the finish line to the cheers of the spectators.

D) The conference attendees discussed strategies for increasing workplace productivity.

E) The musician played a beautiful melody on his violin at the park.

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

  5. E

Answer: 4

In this set of sentences, all except sentence D are related to specific events or activities. Sentence A is about an art gallery exhibition, sentence B is about a chef preparing a meal, sentence C describes marathon runners crossing the finish line, and sentence E mention a musician playing a melody.

However, sentence D stands out as it discusses conference attendees and their discussion of workplace productivity strategies, which is a business-related theme. It does not fit thematically with the other sentences, which are more focused on art, culinary skills, sports, and music.

So, sentence D is the misfit in this set.

CAT Para Completion Questions (CAT 2022)

  1. There is a sentence that is missing in the paragraph below. Look at the paragraph and decide in which blank (option 1, 2, 3, or 4) the following sentence would best fit.


Sentence: This has meant a lot of uncertainty around what a wide-scale return to office might look like in practice.


Paragraph: Bringing workers back to their desks has been a rocky road for employers and employees alike. The evolution of the pandemic has meant that best-laid plans have often not materialised.


___(1)___ The flow of workers back into offices has been more of a trickle than a steady stream. ___(2)___ Yet while plenty of companies are still working through their new policies, some employees across the globe are now back at their desks, whether on a full-time or hybrid basis. ___(3)___ That means we’re beginning to get some clarity on what return-to-office means - what’s working, as well as what has yet to be settled. ___(4)___


A. Option 1

B. Option 2

C. Option 3

D. Option 4


Answer: B

The provided sentence addresses the prevailing uncertainty surrounding the widespread return to office spaces. Upon analyzing the sentence in conjunction with the sentences preceding Options 1 and 2, it might initially appear that the given sentence could be appropriately placed in either of the two options. However, a closer examination reveals a nuanced distinction.


Upon closer scrutiny, the sentence before Option 1 touches upon the concept that meticulously laid plans frequently fail to materialize as intended. Conversely, the sentence prior to Option 2 elucidates the movement of workers being likened to a "trickle" rather than a consistent flow. Notably, the uncertainty alluded to in the given sentence aligns seamlessly with the term "trickle" mentioned in the sentence preceding Option 2.


As a result, the sentence finds its most coherent placement in Option 2, establishing a cohesive connection with the concept of worker movement being sporadic and uncertain. Consequently, the optimal placement for the given sentence is within Option 2, firmly embedding it into the paragraph's narrative. Therefore, the correct choice is B.


In contrast, Options 3 and 4 are incongruous as the use of "this" in the given sentence implies a reference to something specific in the preceding sentences. Regrettably, neither Option 3 nor 4 presents a contextually relevant reference that would warrant the use of "this."


In conclusion, the precise and cohesive placement of the given sentence within Option 2 solidifies its alignment with the broader narrative of worker movement and uncertainty in the context of returning to office spaces.


2. There is a sentence that is missing in the paragraph below. Look at the paragraph and decide in which blank (option 1, 2, 3, or 4) the following sentence would best fit.


Sentence: When people socially learn from each other, they often learn without understanding why what they’re copying—the beliefs and behaviours and technologies and know-how—works.


Paragraph: ___(1)___. The dual-inheritance theory ….says....that inheritance is itself an evolutionary system. It has variation. What makes us a new kind of animal, and so different and successful as a species, is we rely heavily on social learning, to the point where socially acquired information is effectively a second line of inheritance, the first being our genes…. ___(2)___. People tend to home in on who seems to be the smartest or most successful person around, as well as what everybody seems to be doing—the majority of people have something worth learning. ___(3)___. When you repeat this process over time, you can get, around the world, cultural packages—beliefs or behaviours or technology or other solutions—that are adapted to the local conditions. People have different psychologies, effectively. ___(4)___.


A. Option 1

B. Option 2

C. Option 3

D. Option 4


Answer: B


It becomes evident upon examining the text that the given sentence isn't suitable to serve as the introductory sentence. The reason for this is that the first sentence already present in the paragraph is aptly structured to introduce the topic under discussion. Therefore, placing the given sentence at the beginning would be incongruent, as there is no direct thematic linkage between the two sentences that would make the given sentence a natural predecessor or successor to the existing first sentence.


In contrast, when considering the placement of the given sentence relative to the second blank, a compelling connection emerges. The sentence immediately preceding the second blank speaks about the importance of relying on social learning and socially acquired information. The given sentence effectively elaborates on this point by outlining the mechanisms or processes of social learning. Furthermore, the sentence that follows the second blank continues to explore the same theme, thereby forming a cohesive narrative segment.


Given these observations, it becomes clear that the most logical and coherent placement for the given sentence is in the position corresponding to the second blank. This allows for a seamless transition of ideas and adds depth to the discussion about social learning. Therefore, option 2 is the most appropriate location for the given sentence, making the correct answer choice B.


CAT Para Jumble Questions

1. Arrange the following jumbled sentences to form a coherent paragraph:

A) In the heart of the city, a bustling market offered a vibrant array of goods and fresh produce.

B) The aroma of street food wafted through the air, tempting passersby with its enticing flavours.

C) Crowds of people bustled about, each on their own mission to find treasures and bargains.

D) Artisans displayed their craftsmanship, showcasing handmade jewellery and textiles.

E) It was a sensory feast, where the sights, sounds, and scents of the city converged.

  1. C, D, A, B, E

  2. A, B, C, D, E

  3. E, A, C, D, B

  4. B, C, D, A, E

Answer: 2

The correct order of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph is as follows:

A) In the heart of the city, a bustling market offered a vibrant array of goods and fresh produce.

B) The aroma of street food wafted through the air, tempting passersby with its enticing flavours.

C) Crowds of people bustled about, each on their own mission to find treasures and bargains.

D) Artisans displayed their craftsmanship, showcasing handmade jewellery and textiles.

E) It was a sensory feast, where the sights, sounds, and scents of the city converged.

The paragraph begins with a description of the bustling market in the city (sentence A), followed by the mention of tempting street food aromas (sentence B). The crowds and their pursuits are described next (sentence C), followed by the artisans displaying their craftsmanship (sentence D). The paragraph concludes by emphasising the sensory experience of the city market (sentence E).

Therefore, option 2 is the correct arrangement of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph.

2. Arrange the following jumbled sentences to form a coherent paragraph:

A) However, their dreams of freedom persisted.

B) Through the darkest times, they held onto hope.

C) These brave individuals risked everything for the chance to live in a land where they could be free.

D) They faced countless challenges and obstacles on their journey to escape oppression.

E) In the end, their unwavering determination and resilience triumphed.

  1. B, A, C, D, E

  2. C, D, B, A, E

  3. D, B, A, C, E

  4. A, C, D, B, E

Answer: 3

The correct order of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph is as follows:

D) They faced countless challenges and obstacles on their journey to escape oppression.

B) Through the darkest times, they held onto hope.

A) However, their dreams of freedom persisted.

C) These brave individuals risked everything for the chance to live in a land where they could be free.

E) In the end, their unwavering determination and resilience triumphed.

The paragraph begins with the challenges faced by these individuals as they sought freedom (sentence D), followed by their unwavering hope (sentence B). Despite the challenges, their dreams of freedom persisted (sentence A), and it is explained that they risked everything for a chance at freedom (sentence C). The paragraph concludes with their triumph (sentence E).

Therefore, option 3 is the correct arrangement of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph.

3. Arrange the following jumbled sentences to form a coherent paragraph:

A) In recent years, space exploration has become increasingly collaborative.

B) International space agencies and private companies work together on ambitious projects.

C) This collaboration has resulted in groundbreaking discoveries and advancements in space technology.

D) Gone are the days of space race competition; now it's all about cooperation.

E) Together, they push the boundaries of what's possible beyond Earth's atmosphere.

  1. D, B, A, C, E

  2. A, B, C, D, E

  3. B, D, A, E, C

  4. C, A, D, E, B

Answer: 2

The correct order of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph is as follows:

A) In recent years, space exploration has become increasingly collaborative.

B) International space agencies and private companies work together on ambitious projects.

C) This collaboration has resulted in groundbreaking discoveries and advancements in space technology.

D) Gone are the days of space race competition; now it's all about cooperation.

E) Together, they push the boundaries of what's possible beyond Earth's atmosphere.


The paragraph begins with the statement that space exploration has become more collaborative (sentence A), followed by the mention of international space agencies and private companies working together (sentence B). The positive outcomes of this collaboration are highlighted next (sentence C), and it is emphasised that competition has given way to cooperation (sentence D). The paragraph concludes with the idea that they are pushing the boundaries of space exploration (sentence E).

Therefore, option 2 is the correct arrangement of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph.


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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What is meant by VARC?

VARC is one of the three sections in CAT, the other two being QA and DILR. VARC full form is Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension. The section tests a candidate’s English language comprehension and grammar skills.

2. How many sub-sections are VARC divided into and what are they?

VARC is divided into two sub-sections. They are Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension. Verbal Ability tests grammar knowledge, vocabulary, etc, while reading comprehension tests how well you can comprehend a passage and answer questions based on it.

3. Which has a higher weightage, Verbal Ability or Reading Comprehension?

Reading Comprehension has the highest weightage under the VARC section of the CAT examination. RC has a weightage of about 16 questions.

4. What is the marking scheme of the VARC section?

For each correct answer, 3 marks are awarded and for each incorrect answer, one mark is deducted. No marks are given or deducted for unattended questions.

5. Is CAT VARC difficult?

The overall difficulty level of the CAT VARC section lies between medium to high. With dedicated preparation, candidates can tackle this section and get a good score in the exam.

6. What sort of questions can be asked in CAT VARC 2024?

In the VARC section of CAT, you can expect reading comprehension questions, para jumbles, para completion, para summary, and odd-one-out questions.


7. What are some good books for VARC preparation?


Some recommended books are:

  • Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis

  • Wren and Martin's classic English grammar book

  • How to Prepare for Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension for CAT by Arun Sharma and Meenakshi Upadhyay

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Questions related to CAT

Have a question related to CAT ?

Hello aspirant,
The CAT exam syllabus is not officially prescribed, but it generally includes topics from the following sections:

1. Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (VARC)
2. Data interpretation and logical reasoning
3. Quantitative ability

  • Arithmetic

  • Algebra

  • Geometry and Mensuration

  • Number System

  • Modern Math

It seems unlikely that you would be able to get admission in the BTech CS branch at BIT Sindri or Mesra with a CML rank of 2058 and category rank of 433.

Key points:

1. The search results indicate that a CML (Common Merit List) rank of 2058 is quite low for admission to premier engineering colleges like BIT Sindri or NIT Mesra.

2. The cutoff ranks for BTech CS branch at these institutes are usually much higher, often in the range of 1000-2000 for the general category.

3. With a category rank of 433, you may have a better chance of getting admission in the reserved category quota, but the competition is still quite high.

4. The search results do not provide specific cutoff details for BIT Sindri or NIT Mesra, but the general trend suggests your current ranks may not be sufficient for the CS branch in these institutes.

My advice would be to:

1. Check the latest cutoff ranks and admission criteria on the official websites of BIT Sindri and NIT Mesra.

2. Explore other options like state-level engineering colleges or NITs where your current ranks may have a better chance of securing admission.

3. Consider improving your performance in the next attempt of the entrance exam to increase your chances of getting into your desired BTech program.



For VARC, read daily from diverse sources (newspapers, novels, journals) to improve comprehension and vocabulary. Practice RC passages and verbal ability questions regularly. For DILR (Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning) and QA (Quantitative Aptitude), solve previous years' papers and take mock tests to identify weak areas. Join a coaching institute or online courses for guidance and stay consistent with your study schedule. Review and analyze your performance in mocks to understand mistakes and improve. Maintain a positive mindset and stay disciplined in your preparation.

Hello aspirant,

Every year, IIMs conduct the Common Admission Test (CAT), a national MBA entrance exam, in rotation. For admission to over 1,200 institutions and premier B-schools in India, as well as PGDM, Executive MBA, PhD, and FPM programmes, the IIM CAT exam is regarded as one of the most difficult MBA entrance exams to pass. One of the best MBA schools in India, IIMs offers PGDM and MBA programmes for students who pass the CAT exam with scores in the 82nd to 99th percentiles.

For complete information you can visit our website by clicking on the link given below.

https://bschool-careers360-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/bschool.careers360.com/exams/cat/amp?amp_gsa=1&amp_js_v=a9&usqp=mq331AQIUAKwASCAAgM%3D#amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&aoh=17204523672625&csi=1&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fbschool.careers360.com%2Fexams%2Fcat

Thank you

Hope this information helps you.

Hello!

The educational qualification required for CAT exam is bachelor's degree or its equivalent from a recognized university with minimum of 50% for the open category and 45% for the SC/ST/PwD category. Since you have secured more than the required percentage in your bachelor's degree, you are eligible for CAT exam.

For more information, please visit the website by clicking on the link given below:

https://bschool.careers360.com/articles/cat-eligibility-criteria

I hope you will find this information helpful. Best wishes ahead!

View All

1-radian measures 600. (True/False)

Option: 1

True


Option: 2

False


$111111^2$ = 

Option: 1

123456654321


Option: 2

123454321


Option: 3

123454321


Option: 4

12345654321


1111112 =___________ 

Option: 1

 123456654321


Option: 2

1234554321


Option: 3

123454321


Option: 4

12345654321


159702 is divisible by

Option: 1

7


Option: 2

9


Option: 3

11


Option: 4

6


1600 satellites were sent up by a country for several purposes. The purposes are classified as broadcasting (B), communication (C), surveillance (S), and others (O). A satellite can serve multiple purposes; however a satellite serving either B, or C, or S does not serve O. 

The following facts are known about the satellites: 

1. The numbers of satellites serving B, C, and S (though may be not exclusively) are in the ratio 2: 1:1. 

2. The number of satellites serving all three of B, C, and S is 100. 

3. The number of satellites exclusively serving C is the same as the number of satellites exclusively serving S. This number is 30% of the number of satellites exclusively serving B. 

4. The number of satellites serving O is the same as the number of satellites serving both C and S but not B. 

Question:

What best can be said about the number of satellites serving C? 

Option: 1

Must be between 450 and 725 

 


Option: 2

Cannot be more than 800 
 


Option: 3

Must be between 400 and 800 

 


Option: 4

Must be at least 100 


1600 satellites were sent up by a country for several purposes. The purposes are classified as broadcasting (B), communication (C), surveillance (S), and others (O). A satellite can serve multiple purposes; however a satellite serving either B, or C, or S does not serve O. 

The following facts are known about the satellites: 

1. The numbers of satellites serving B, C, and S (though may be not exclusively) are in the ratio 2: 1:1. 

2. The number of satellites serving all three of B, C, and S is 100. 

3. The number of satellites exclusively serving C is the same as the number of satellites exclusively serving S. This number is 30% of the number of satellites exclusively serving B. 

4. The number of satellites serving O is the same as the number of satellites serving both C and S but not B. 

Question:

What is the minimum possible number of satellites serving B exclusively? 

Option: 1

100


Option: 2

200


Option: 3

500


Option: 4

250


1600 satellites were sent up by a country for several purposes. The purposes are classified as broadcasting (B), communication (C), surveillance (S), and others (O). A satellite can serve multiple purposes; however a satellite serving either B, or C, or S does not serve O. 

The following facts are known about the satellites: 

1. The numbers of satellites serving B, C, and S (though may be not exclusively) are in the ratio 2: 1:1. 

2. The number of satellites serving all three of B, C, and S is 100. 

3. The number of satellites exclusively serving C is the same as the number of satellites exclusively serving S. This number is 30% of the number of satellites exclusively serving B. 

4. The number of satellites serving O is the same as the number of satellites serving both C and S but not B. 

Question:

If at least 100 of the 1600 satellites were serving O, what can be said about the number of satellites serving S? 

Option: 1

At most 475 

 


Option: 2

Exactly 475 
 


Option: 3

At least 475 

 


Option: 4

No conclusion is possible based on the given information 


1600 satellites were sent up by a country for several purposes. The purposes are classified as broadcasting (B), communication (C), surveillance (S), and others (O). A satellite can serve multiple purposes; however a satellite serving either B, or C, or S does not serve O. 

The following facts are known about the satellites: 

1. The numbers of satellites serving B, C, and S (though may be not exclusively) are in the ratio 2: 1:1. 

2. The number of satellites serving all three of B, C, and S is 100. 

3. The number of satellites exclusively serving C is the same as the number of satellites exclusively serving S. This number is 30% of the number of satellites exclusively serving B. 

4. The number of satellites serving O is the same as the number of satellites serving both C and S but not B. 

Question:

 If the number of satellites serving at least two among B, C, and S is 1200, which of the following MUST be FALSE? 

Option: 1

The number of satellites serving C cannot be uniquely determined 

 


Option: 2

The number of satellites serving B is more than 1000 
 


Option: 3

All 1600 satellites serve B or C or S 

 


Option: 4

The number of satellites serving B exclusively is exactly 250 


2839155 is divisible by

Option: 1

2


Option: 2

7


Option: 3

55


Option: 4

None of the above


'a' for which x^{2}-ax+9= 0 can be written as square of a linear factor is

Option: 1

6


Option: 2

-6,6


Option: 3

\left ( 6,\infty \right )


Option: 4

\left ( -\infty,-6 \right )


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