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CAT 2024: Registrations, Syllabus, Exam Date, Preparation Tips, Eligibility, Pattern

CAT What is Inference - Practice Questions & MCQ

Edited By admin | Updated on Oct 04, 2023 04:34 PM | #CAT

Concepts Covered - 1

What is Inference



Understanding Inference:


Inference is a critical skill in reading comprehension, requiring the reader to draw conclusions based on evidence and implicit information provided in the passage. It involves making logical deductions beyond what is explicitly stated by the author.


Key Points:


Definition: An inference is a logical conclusion or deduction that is not explicitly stated in the passage but can be drawn based on the information provided.


Relying on Context: Inferences rely on understanding the context and implications of the information presented in the passage.


Use of Clues: Inferences are often supported by clues such as tone, language, and the relationships between ideas in the text.


Approach to Inference Questions:


  • Identify Contextual Clues: Look for language, tone, and details in the passage that may hint at information that is not directly stated.


  • Consider Relationships: Analyse the relationships between ideas in the passage to draw logical conclusions.


  • Avoid Making Assumptions: Ensure that your inference is based solely on the information provided in the passage, without adding external assumptions.


  • Distinguish Between Fact and Inference: Differentiate between information that is explicitly stated (fact) and what can be logically deduced (inference).


  • Practise Critical Thinking: Hone your critical thinking skills by regularly practising inference questions to become adept at drawing accurate conclusions.


Additional Notes:


  • Inferences are a crucial aspect of comprehension, as they allow the reader to delve deeper into the text and derive a fuller understanding of the author's intended meaning.


  • They often require the reader to read between the lines and think analytically about the information presented.


  • In the CAT exam, inference questions may ask you to identify implicit meanings, make deductions about characters' intentions, or draw conclusions about the overall message of the passage.


  • It's essential to practise inferring meaning from various types of passages to become proficient in this skill.


Types of Inferences:


  1. Factual Inferences:

Definition: These involve deducing specific facts or details that are not directly stated but can be logically derived from the information provided.

Example: If a passage mentions that Mary left her umbrella at home and it's currently pouring outside, we can infer that Mary will likely get wet on her way to work.


  1. Conceptual Inferences:

Definition: These involve understanding abstract or implied ideas, concepts, or themes that are not explicitly stated in the passage.

Example: In a passage discussing the detrimental effects of deforestation, the conceptual inference could be the impact on biodiversity and climate change, which are not explicitly mentioned but are implied by the context.


Strategies for Making Inferences:


  1. Analyse Context: Pay close attention to the surrounding context, including the sentences before and after the information in question. Context often provides clues for making accurate inferences.


  1. Consider Tone and Language: The tone of the passage and the language used by the author can provide insights into the intended meaning. For example, a passage with a critical tone may imply negative consequences.


  1. Look for Implied Relationships: Identify relationships between ideas, events, or characters in the passage. For instance, if two characters are arguing, it implies a conflict, even if not explicitly stated.


  1. Evaluate Cause-and-Effect Relationships: Analyse the cause-and-effect relationships presented in the passage. Inferences often involve understanding the repercussions of certain actions or events.


  1. Distinguish Between Fact and Inference: It's crucial to differentiate between information that is explicitly stated in the passage (fact) and what can be logically deduced from the provided information (inference). Avoid making assumptions not supported by the text.


Example Application:


Passage Excerpt:

"The dark clouds gathered overhead, casting a shadow over the town. The distant rumble of thunder signalled an approaching storm."



Based on the description of dark clouds and the distant rumble of thunder, it can be inferred that a storm is imminent and will likely bring rain.


Significance of Inferences in management exams:


  • In these exams, inference questions assess your ability to read critically and draw logical conclusions from the information provided. They may ask you to identify implicit meanings, make deductions about characters' intentions, or draw conclusions about the overall message of the passage.


  • Proficiency in making accurate inferences is crucial for achieving a high score in the Reading Comprehension section, as it demonstrates a deep understanding of the passage beyond surface-level comprehension.


  • Regular practice with inference questions will enhance your critical thinking skills and improve your ability to draw accurate conclusions, ultimately leading to success in management examinations.

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