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CAT Drawing Conclusions - Practice Questions & MCQ

Edited By admin | Updated on Oct 04, 2023 04:34 PM | #CAT

Quick Facts

  • 6 Questions around this concept.

Solve by difficulty

Directions: Read the passage and answer the question

 

The ancient forest stood in solemn grandeur, its towering trees reaching towards the heavens like ancient sentinels. The air was thick with the earthy scent of moss and the gentle whisper of leaves rustling in the breeze. Shafts of golden sunlight pierced through the dense canopy, painting dappled patterns on the forest floor.

 

Moss-covered stones and fallen logs bore witness to the passage of time, their weathered surfaces telling tales of centuries gone by. A chorus of birdcalls and the occasional scuttle of woodland creatures provided a soundtrack to this timeless sanctuary.

 

As one ventured deeper into the heart of the forest, a profound sense of tranquillity settled in. Time seemed to slow, and the outside world faded into a distant memory. Here, the worries and cares of everyday life held no sway. It was a place where the soul could find solace in nature's embrace.

 

Among the ancient trees, there was an unmistakable sense of interconnectedness—a silent communication that bound each living entity to the next. It was a reminder that, in this sanctuary of nature, all life was part of a greater whole, a delicate balance that had endured for countless generations.

 

Question:

Based on the passage, what can be inferred about the atmosphere and ambiance of the ancient forest?

 

Concepts Covered - 1

Drawing Conclusions

Drawing Conclusions

 

Understanding Drawing Conclusions:

 

Drawing conclusions is a critical skill in reading comprehension, as it involves making logical inferences or deductions based on the information presented in a passage. It goes beyond summarising the text; it requires the reader to synthesise details, analyse evidence, and arrive at a well-reasoned judgement or inference.

 

Approach for Drawing Conclusions:

 

  1. Identify Key Information:

Begin by identifying the key information in the passage that is relevant to the question at hand. This information may include facts, examples, statistics, or statements.

Example:

If the passage discusses the harmful effects of pollution on the environment and mentions rising global temperatures, these are key pieces of information.

 

  1. Analyse Evidence:

Examine the evidence provided in the passage that supports a particular conclusion. Look for cause-and-effect relationships, comparisons, or correlations.

Example:

If the passage indicates that pollution levels have steadily increased over the past decade and that this corresponds with rising temperatures, it supports the conclusion that pollution contributes to global warming.

 

  1. Consider Alternative Interpretations:

Be open to the possibility of alternative interpretations or conclusions. Sometimes, passages may present conflicting information or multiple perspectives.

Example:

If the passage mentions that while pollution has increased, some researchers argue that natural climate fluctuations also play a significant role, consider this perspective when drawing conclusions.

 

  1. Avoid Overgeneralization:

Ensure that the conclusion is specific to the information presented in the passage. Avoid making sweeping generalisations that extend beyond the evidence provided.

Example:

If the passage discusses the impact of pollution on a particular ecosystem, limit the conclusion to that ecosystem rather than making broader claims about all ecosystems.






 

Examples:

 

Passage Excerpt 1:

"The recent survey of students in urban schools indicated a marked increase in graduation rates following the implementation of after-school tutoring programs. These programs provided students with additional support in core subjects."

Conclusion Question 1:

"What can be reasonably concluded about the impact of after-school tutoring programs on graduation rates?"

Approach:

Based on the passage, it can be reasonably concluded that after-school tutoring programs in urban schools have led to an increase in graduation rates. The evidence provided in the survey supports this conclusion.

 

Passage Excerpt 2:

"In the study comparing two diet plans, participants on the Mediterranean diet demonstrated a lower incidence of heart-related illnesses compared to those on a high-protein diet. The Mediterranean diet emphasises whole foods and healthy fats."

Conclusion Question 2:

"What can be concluded about the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and heart health?"

Approach:

Based on the passage, it can be concluded that the Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower incidence of heart-related illnesses compared to a high-protein diet. The evidence provided in the study supports this conclusion.

 

Passage Excerpt 3:

"While technology has revolutionised the way we communicate, some argue that it has led to a decline in face-to-face interactions. However, proponents assert that it has expanded our global connectivity."

Conclusion Question 3:

"What can be inferred about the impact of technology on face-to-face interactions?"

Approach:

Based on the passage, it can be concluded that there are differing viewpoints on the impact of technology on face-to-face interactions. Some argue it has declined, while others assert it has expanded global connectivity. Both perspectives are presented in the passage.

 

These examples illustrate the process of drawing conclusions based on evidence from the passage. It emphasises the importance of considering multiple perspectives and avoiding overgeneralization when arriving at a conclusion.


 

Approach for Drawing Conclusions:

 

  1. Identify Key Information:

Start by identifying the crucial information in the passage that is pertinent to the question. This includes facts, examples, statistics, or statements that are directly related to the conclusion being sought.

Example:

In a passage discussing the impact of technology on education, key information might include data on improved student engagement due to interactive learning apps.

 

  1. Analyse Evidence:

Scrutinise the evidence provided in the passage that supports a specific conclusion. Look for cause-and-effect relationships, comparisons, or correlations that indicate a clear connection.

Example:

If the passage suggests that students who use the interactive learning apps showed a significant increase in test scores compared to those who did not, this serves as evidence supporting the conclusion that such apps enhance learning outcomes.

 

  1. Consider Alternative Interpretations:

Stay open to the possibility of alternative interpretations or conclusions. Some passages may present conflicting information or multiple perspectives that need to be considered.

Example:

If the passage also mentions that some students prefer traditional classroom methods, it's important to acknowledge this perspective when drawing conclusions about the effectiveness of technology in education.

 

  1. Avoid Overgeneralization:

Ensure that the conclusion is specific to the information presented in the passage. Avoid making sweeping generalisations that extend beyond the evidence provided.

Example:

If the passage focuses on a specific age group benefiting from the interactive learning apps, limit the conclusion to that group rather than assuming it applies universally to all age groups.


 

Application:

 

Drawing conclusions is a key competency assessed in the VARC section. Candidates are expected to read passages, extract relevant information, and draw logical conclusions based on the provided details. This skill is invaluable for success in comprehending complex texts and answering related questions accurately.

 

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