Important Formulas for CAT Preparation - Proceeding further towards CAT important formulas, lets get familiar with the “Importance of CAT Formulas”. When it comes to CAT preparation basically for the Quantitative Aptitude section, the most important aspect is remembering the formulas and theorems and by knowing such key formulas one will get to know when and how to apply them. Thus, it becomes more important that a candidate will have to be well versed with the basic formulas as it is required to solve the questions with good speed and accuracy rate. The questions in the QA section are from various topics such as Profit, Loss and Discount, Number System, Time and Work, LCM and HCF, Logarithm, Averages, Set theory & Function, Probability, Permutation & Combination, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Coordinate Geometry, etc. Formulae are the basic and indispensable part to ace the quantitative section in the CAT. They may be proved to be an elixir to the section, if one does their preparation in an appropriate manner. So as one starts their CAT 2020 preparation, here is the list of important formulae that one needs to master to crack the Common Admission Test successfully.

Latest: Know Your Chances, Eligibility & Required Cut-offs for getting Calls from IIMs & other Top MBA Colleges through CAT 2019 - CAT Pathfinder - IIM & Non-IIM MBA Call Predictor

Applications Open Now
ITM Business School
Alliance School of Business
Important Formulas for CAT 2020 Preparation - CAT Exam Revision Tips

CAT 2020 Basic Mathematical Formulas

  • (a + b)² = (a² + b² + 2ab)

  • (a – b)² = (a² + b² – 2ab)

  • (a + b)(a – b) = (a² – b²)

  • (a + b)² = (a² + b² + 2ab)

  • (a³ – b³) = (a – b)(a² + ab + b²)

  • (a + b + c)² = a² + b² + c² + 2(ab + bc + ca)

  • (a³ + b³) = (a + b)(a² – ab + b²)

  • When a + b + c = 0, then a³ + b³ + c³ = 3abc

  • (a³ + b³ + c³ – 3abc) = (a + b + c)(a² + b² + c² – ab – bc – ac)

  • (a + b)n = an + (nC1)an-1b + (nC2)an-2b² + … + (nCn-1)abn-1 + bn

CAT Important Formulas for Number System

CAT Pathfinder - IIM & Non-IIM MBA Call Predictor

Know Your Calling Chances from IIMs & other Top MBA Colleges, Eligibility & Cut-offs

Start Now
  • (1² + 2² + 3² + ….. + n²) = n ( n + 1 ) (2n + 1) / 6

  • 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + n = n(n + 1)/2

  • (1³ + 2³ + 3³ + ….. + n³) = (n(n + 1)/ 2)²

  • Sum of first n odd numbers = n²

  • Sum of first n even numbers = n (n + 1)

Formulas for LCM and HCF

  • LCM × HCF = Product of the Numbers

  • LCM of Co-prime Numbers = Product Of The Numbers

Mathematical Formulas for Profit, Loss and Discount

Applications Open Now
Xavier Business School MBA Admissions 2020
MBA Admission 2020 Open | Highest CTC 12 LPA | Record Placements
Suryadatta Institute of Management, Pune
PGDM/MBA Admissions 2020 Open | Merit Scholarship Available
  • Profit % = Profit/(C P)×100

  • Profit/Gain = (S.P.) – (C.P.)

  • C P = 100/(100+gain %)×S P

  • S P = (100+gain % )/100 ×C P

  • Loss % = Loss/(C.P.)×100

  • Loss = (C.P.) – (S.P.)

  • C P = 100/(100-loss %)×S P

  • S P = (100-loss %)/100×C P

Formulae for Percentages

Find what percentage of X is Y: Y/X x 100

  • Increase N by S% = N(1+S/100)

  • Decrease N by S% = N(1 - S/100)

Important Formulas for Speed, Time and Distance

  • Speed= Distance/ Time

  • Distance= Speed x Time

  • Time= Distance/ Time

Time and Work Formulas (Basic Formulas)

  • If X can do a piece of work in ‘n’ days, then X’s 1 day’s work= 1/n

  • If X’s 1 day’s work= 1/n, then X can finish the work in n days.

Averages Formula

Average= Sum of observations/ Number of observations

Simple and Compound Interest Formula

  • Simple Interest: P x i x n (P= Principle, i= interest rate and n= term of the loan)

  • Compound Interest:

    • Compound Interest = [P(1+i)n] - P

    • Compound Interest = P[(1+i)n-1]

Mathematical Logarithm Formulas

  • If n and a are positive real numbers, and a is not equal to 1, then If ax = n, then log a n = x

  • log of 1 to any base is 0 (log b 1 = 0)

  • log of any number to base as itself is 1, log a a = 1

  • Logarithm of a Product (log a pq = log a p + loga q)

  • Logarithm of a Fraction (log a (p/q) = log a p – log a q)

  • log a pn = n log a p

  • a(log a p) = p

  • Base Change Rule of Logarithms: (log a n = log b n × log a b)

CAT 2020 Trigonometry Formulas

  • Trigonometric Identities

    • Sine=Opposite/Hypotenuse

    • Secant=Hypotenuse/Adjacent

    • Cosine=Adjacent/Hypotenuse

    • Tangent=Opposite/Adjacent

    • Co−Secant=Hypotenuse/Opposite

    • Co−Tangent=Adjacent/Opposite

  • The reciprocal identities are given as

    • CosecΘ=1/sinΘ

    • secΘ=1/cosΘ

    • cotΘ=1/tanΘ

    • sinΘ=1/CosecΘ

    • cosΘ=1/secΘ

    • tanΘ=1/cotΘ

Mathematical Mensuration Formulas

  • Rectangle

    • Area = lb

    • Perimeter = 2(l+b)

  • Square

    • Perimeter = 4a

    • Area = a×a

  • Triangle

    • Area =b×h/2 or √s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c)…………….where s=a+b+c/2

  • Cube

    • Volume: V = l3

    • Surface Area: S = 6s2

    • Diagonal (d) = √3l

    • Lateral surface area = 4a2

  • Circle

    • Circumference = 2πr or πd

    • Area = πr² or πd²/4

    • Area of sector of a circle = (θπr² )/360

  • Cuboid

    • Total surface area = 2 (lb + bh + hl) or 6l2

    • Volume of cuboid: lbh

    • Length of diagonal =√(l²+b²+h²)

Formulas for Coordinate Geometry

  • AB² = (Bx – Ax)² + (By – Ay)²

  • Midpoint of the line joining the points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is:

    • [½(x1 + x2), ½(y1 + y2)]

CAT 2020 Formulas for Surds and IndicesSurds%20%26%20Indices

Mixtures and Allegation Formula

If 2 ingredients are mixed, then

  • (Quantity of cheaper/ Quantity of dearer) = (C.P of dearer - Mean price/ Mean price - C.P of cheaper)

Permutation and Combination Formula for CAT 2020

  • Permutation Formula

    • Permutation

  • Combination Formula

    • Combination_tIWVbhw

Formulas for Set Theory and Function

  • (A ∩ B) ‘ = A’ U B’ and (A U B)’ = A’ ∩ B’

Applications Open Now

ITM Business School
ITM Business School
Jaipuria Institute of Management | Apply Before 30 Apr'20
Jaipuria Institute of Managem...
NMIMS- MBA Family Business
NMIMS- MBA Family Business
Amity University MBA Admissions, Gurugram
Amity University MBA Admissio...
Alliance School of Business
Alliance School of Business
NMIMS MBA Real Estate
NMIMS MBA Real Estate
Jindal Global Business School MBA 2020
Jindal Global Business School...
View All Application Forms

Popular Degrees

789 Colleges
309 Colleges
33 Colleges
29 Colleges
17 Colleges

CAT Updates and Articles

Questions related to CAT

Showing 8332 out of 8332 Questions

I have 87.4% in 10th and 73.8% in 12th and 67.4% in graduation ,can I get a call from iim if I score 99 percentile in cat exam

ADIL KHAN Student Expert 9th Apr, 2020


You have a pretty average academic score and Some B-schools consider your academics but still Yes you can get into top b-schools, provided you have a  percentile in the common admissions test(CAT) too a cat percentile of 98+ for mediocre IIMs and 99+ for the top ones. But you can absolutely forget IIMs-  Ahmedabad , Bangalore,v Calcutta,Indore as they focus on acads and you have a very average profile as of now but still there are lots of other factors which govern whether you'll be gettin a call from the top IIMs or not like which company did you work for, if the company is one in which the selection rate is less or the selection criteria is hard, which college you did your undergraduate degree from, which course did you pursue, many other factors which play a role. But it depends also on what course you prusue in your graduation considering you are a student from the commerce/business stream.

Please focus on your undergraduation marks too and do a lot of Internships to improve your profile and hence increase the chances of getting a call.

You can reach out to us for more information regarding admissions entrance tests etc.

Hope it helps.



is it neccesary to give CAT exam for pursuing In MBA?

Preeti Makhija 9th Apr, 2020

Dear Student,

CAT is the entrance exam for Top B-Schools in India. But  now there are other entrance exams as well like MAT,CMAT,XAT,etc for good MBA Colleges.

In Delhi/NCR there are many colleges who take MAT , CMAT score for admissions. some of them are:

IILM UNiversity Gurugram

Appejay school of Management

Amity University

SGT University etc...

All the universities have started with the admission process, please go through the websites and get all the details.


atleast how much percentile should i need in CAT exam to get admission in college which gives me package of mininum MBA finance after completion of course.?help me plzz

Deepshikha Student Expert 9th Apr, 2020
College does not have a big role to play when it comes to placement. It's only a gateway for you to participate in the campus selection process. Colleges like Indian Institute of Management across India, TISS etcetra provide you with great opportunities. Big companies come here to hire students. So,you should try to score above 95-96 percentile to get into such colleges,after that your hardwork and dedication will help you get a good job.
Hope this helps.
Good luck.

Im a commerce student without maths can I clear the CAT exam .

ADIL KHAN Student Expert 8th Apr, 2020

Hii Abhinav,

Yes you for sure can but the amount of hard work you will have to put in will be more. The maths/quants part is pretty basic but is very tricky so it is tricks which you need to understand and apply.

CAT is an exam which tests your practicality and not how much you can learn by rote learning. You can start off by appearing for a mock test conducted free online and assess your performance that'll help you see and judge the areas you need improvement in and then decide if you need coaching or you can go on by yourself. You can either go for self study or Prepare with a tutor. For english prep. You can start off with Word Power Made easy, do this book twice, don't rush but read it and learn for 30-45 mins everyday. For Quants and LR-Di Arun sharma. Giving a mock a week and analyzing your strengths and weakness in terms of topics, score, percentile score and the time you are spending per question is really important.

Do take mocks religiously and you'll see how much it can affect your preparation in a positive manner.

You can read more about cat prep here-

You can reach out to us for more help.

Hope it helps




10th -70% 12th -56% (Science) bcom - 80% (SC candidate), if I get 100 percentile in CAT, would have I got call from IIM A or C ??

ADIL KHAN Student Expert 7th Apr, 2020

Hii Biton,

Yes, there is a possibility for you as you belong to the SC category. But still there are  alot of factors taken into consideration while accessing your profile for giving a call for interviews bu top Business schools of India. You have a good chance provided you work on your communication skills and other skills. Also try doing internships and building your profile as these things will affect and may decide if you will be getting a call or not.

Hope it helps,


The question have been saved in answer later, you can access it from your profile anytime. Access now

Download the Careers360 App on your Android phone

Regular exam updates, QnA, Predictors, College Applications & E-books now on your Mobile

Careers360 App
150M+ Students
24,000+ Colleges
500+ Exams
1500+ E-books