CAT Score Vs Percentile - IIM Calcutta has released the CAT 2018 result CAT 2018 results in the morning of Saturday, January 05, 2019. Though Common Admission Test (CAT) score is often presented in percentile which basically indicates your position among all the test takers, it is actually based on the score that you fetch in the exam. Still, the two terminologies used for CAT result are entirely different. As CAT 2018 was conducted on November 25, 2018, candidates must be curious to know which CAT score would fetch how much percentile. To answer the query, we bring you the CAT score Vs Percentile data.
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So what is this CAT score Vs Percentile enigma? Careers360 here brings you a thorough analysis of the correlation between the two terms and also the importance of the two in determining your admission opportunities to your selected CAT participating institutes.
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As many as 11 candidates have obtained an overall 100 percentile in CAT 2018. All 11 candidates are male and are from engineering/technology background. From the graduation records, seven candidates are from different IITs and two candidates are from Jadavpur University, Kolkata. From the permanent address provided during application, it could be derived that seven candidates are from Maharashtra, two from West Bengal, and one each from the states of Karnataka and Bihar.
There is no specific formula for a test like CAT where you would know the exact score you need to get into 99 percentile league as it may entirely depend on the difficulty level of the exam for any particular year. Still, we bring you actual CAT Marks Vs Percentile data from the previous year (2017) to get you a fair idea of how much score you will need to get a call from top B-schools.
What is percentile?
Before we bring to you the CAT score vs percentile, let us understand what percentile actually means. A percentile is a measure indicating the percentage of students below you in the merit list. For example, your position at 90 percentile refers to your place in the merit list where about 90 per cent candidates competing with you in the test have scored less than you. Hence, test takers securing 90 percentile or above refers to the top 10 per cent of the test takers in the merit list. So, if the total number of actual test takers is near 2 lakh, approximately 20,000 candidates (ten per cent) would come under the percentile range of 90 to 100. Hence, the percentile secured according to marks is only indicative of your position and does not tell the exact marks you score in the test.
CAT Marks Vs Percentile - What is IIM scaling and normalization process?
The scoring process of CAT involves scaling and normalisation which is a complex calculation process for determining the merit of candidates appearing for the same test in multiple sessions.
This scoring process was implemented since IIMs introduced the computer-based mode of CAT in the year 2009. In the initial years of computer-based testing, CAT was held in a window of 20 days in two slots each. In order to equate the performance of candidates across sessions, the normalization process was followed.
According to IIMs, the CAT normalization process ensures fairness and equity in performance comparison across sessions. “The process of Normalization is an established practice for comparing candidate scores across multiple Forms and is similar to those being adopted in other large educational selection tests conducted in India, such as Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). For normalization across sections, we shall use the percentile equivalence,” mentions IIMs.
According to the GATE normalization methodology followed by IIMs, normalization is applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question papers across different sessions. This factor also determines CAT score vs percentile. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that "in all multi-session CAT papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions".
Let us understand the scoring system before you take a look at CAT score vs percentile. The CAT paper comprising 100 questions has a marking scheme where three marks are awarded for each correct answer and test takers are penalised with one negative mark for a wrong answer. The CAT paper carries 100 questions – Quantitative Ability (34), Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (34), Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (32).
But the actual score that candidates get in their CAT scorecard is not exactly based on the outcome of this marking scheme owing to the normalisation process being an integral part of the process. However, experts suggest that since the CAT exam is now conducted in two slots in a single day only, the impact of normalisation is minimal and the scaled score appeared in the CAT score card is very close to the actual marks scored by the candidate.
Now we bring to you last year’s CAT scaled scores vis-a-vis the percentile.
CAT Score Vs Percentile
While most of the prestigious B-schools shortlist candidates, who stand around 80 percentile or more in CAT, we bring you the top ranges of percentile based on the actual normalised scores of CAT takers in 2017.
The four ranges of CAT percentiles for which we present the actual CAT score Vs Percentile data are below:
95.01 percentile and above
90.01 to 95 percentile
85.01 to 90 percentile
80 to 85 percentile
CAT Marks Vs Percentile – 95 to 100 Percentile
CAT Scaled Score
For CAT 2017, the highest scaled score to be obtained by a candidate out of 300, which is the total score. As per the CAT scoring process, each question carries three marks and for each wrong answer, there is negative marking of one mark. For the non-MCQs or Type in The Answer (TITA) questions, there is no negative marking scheme involved.
With a CAT the above 95 percentile, you will get calls from the premium B-schools including IIMs, FMS, MDI Gurgaon, DMS IITs to name a few.
B-schools which you can aim for the new IIMs such as IIM Nagpur, Visakhapatnam, IIM Sirmaur etc. The non-IIM B-schools you can target for include XIM Bhubaneswar, Goa Institute of Management, Great Lakes Institute of Management among others.
CAT Marks Vs Percentile: Top B-schools to aim with 90+ Percentile in CAT
The result of CAT 2018 has been declared on January 5, 2019. Approximately 2.41 lakh candidates appeared for the exam. Last year, six candidates secured 100 percentile. Out of the toppers, two were female candidates and three belonged to non-engineering background. CAT 2018 was held in 147 cities across India. Last year, 1.99 lakh candidates appeared for the exam. Compared to last year, the total number of applications has increased slightly.