Indian Institutes of Management has launched Common Admission Test 2014 website on August 1. However, the CAT 2014 authorities could not dispel the cloud hovering over controversial normalization process that includes equating and scaling process to arrive at the final scores and percentile of the test takers.

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Earlier, the notification for CAT announced on July 27 detailed out information on important dates and major changes in exam process also remained mute on equating and scaling process which had haunted the IIMs last year.


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The IIM have said that the equating and scaling process will be announced before the CAT 2014 exams scheduled on 16th and 22nd November 2014.

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“The Equating/Scaling Process will be announced on the CAT 2014 website: prior to CAT 2014 examination (16th and 22nd November, 2014),” says a web page on CAT 2014 official website. 


The CAT 2014 website however bears information on the CAT 2014 important dates, changes in the exam pattern and FAQs.


Why Equating and Scaling is Important?

The Equating and Scoring process is an important component during the evaluation process and impacts test-takers performance based on their appearance in a particular slot of the test sessions.


Last year, many students had alleged discrepancies in CAT results. IIMs were also pulled to the courts by many test takers who alleged lack of transparency in the CAT testing and evaluation.

Thousands of CAT 2013 takers had sought court intervention into the IIM admission process after CAT 2013 convening body at IIM Indore refused to share CAT raw scores and evaluation process methodology citing different reasons including ‘commercial interest of its testing partner’.  IIM Indore which conducted Common Admission Test (CAT) on behalf of all 13 IIMs’ with Prometric being its testing partner, had also refused to share answer keys and raw scores for the candidates saying revelation of the same may create ‘significant confusion’.


After CAT 2013 results were declared, Careers360 had reported on 95000+ candidates scoring zero or less in CAT 2013 and the concerns on CAT evaluation process. Career360 analysis of actual score cards of the CAT takers had revealed that Verbal Ability section may have played foul with the dreams and aspirations of many students.


Unlike the past 5 years when CAT used to be conducted in test window of 15-20 days, CAT 2014 will be conducted in only a two-day window with total 4 test sessions. Hence, IIMs will have to work out the equating process for 1/10 of the sessions. It is expected that there would be major changes in the equating and scoring process.


CAT 2013 scoring method:

Till last year, the scoring system followed was: Each question carried 3 marks and for each wrong attempt, 1 mark was deducted. The total test score would then be equated based on a statistical formula. Further, it would be scaled depending on the difficulty level of the questions in different test sessions.  


Step 1: Raw Score is Calculated

The raw scores were calculated for each section based on the number of questions answered correctly, incorrectly, or those which were omitted. This scoring methodology ensured that candidates were only awarded points for what they knew, while having points deducted for inappropriate random guessing. This was a standard process in the testing industry and is a methodology employed in scoring similar admissions tests such as the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).


Step 2: Raw Score is “Equated”

Equating is a statistical process used to adjust scores on two or more alternate forms of an assessment so that the scores may be used interchangeably. Industry standard processes were used for equating, such as those outlined within the ETS Standards for Quality and Fairness.

Step3: Equated Raw Score is “Scaled”

In order to ensure appropriate interpretation of an equated raw score, the scores must be placed on a common scale or metric. A linear transformation is used for this scaling process, which is an industry standard practice (Kolen & Brennan, 2004).

The IIM scaling model is as follows:

Section Scores = 0 to 225

Total Exam Score = 0 to 450


Three scaled scores are presented for each candidate: an overall scaled score and two separate scaled scores for each section. As the two sections evaluate two distinct sets of knowledge and skills, scores may not correlate across sections. A high score in one section does not guarantee a high score in another section. Percentile rankings are provided for each individual section as well as for the overall exam score.


Now, the CAT 2014 aspirants have to wait till the exam dates to know about the scoring process in detail.


CAT 2014 Important Dates

The CAT 2014 website mentions that the registration process will start from Wednesday, August 6, 2014, 10 am onwards. The CAT 2014 registration and test day video and guides would be available from August 6 itself.

CAT 2014 Activities

Important Dates

CAT 2014 Advertisement

Sunday, July 27, 2014

CAT 2014 Registration

Wednesday, August 6, 2014 10.00 am to Tuesday, September 30, 2014, 11.59 pm

CAT 2014 Admit Card download window

Thursday, October 16, 2014 till the exam day

CAT 2014 Exam Date

Sunday, November 16, 2014 and Saturday, November 22, 2014

CAT 2014 result

Third week of December, 2014


Changes introduced in CAT 2014

According to IIMs, the changes introduced in CAT 2014 are improvements compared to the past 5 years of computer based CAT. The changes include:

  • The CAT 2014 will be conducted in 2 days, consisting of 4 sessions overall
  • The exam will be conducted in 99 Cities comprising 354 Test Sites
  • Candidates will be given the option to select 3 Test Cities in the order of preference and hence need not rush to block slots and sites in the initial Registration days
  • As far as possible, candidates will be given their first preferred city across the four sessions on a random basis; if not possible the second then the third preferred city will be allotted.
  • The exams will be held on Sunday, 16.11.2014 and Saturday, 22.11.2014.
  • The candidates have no option to select the dates. The dates will be allotted by CAT Centre 2014 on random basis
  • The purchase of offline Vouchers has been discontinued from this year and the candidates have to make Registration fee payment through online modes only by Credit Card, Debit Card or through Net Banking.
  • After submission of Application, candidates will be permitted to download their Admit Cards from 16.10.2014 onwards till their exam date. For example, if the candidate is appearing for the test on 16.11.2014, then she/he can download the Admit Card only upto 16.11.2014 (forenoon or afternoon session) according to her/his slot.
  • Duration of the examination has been increased to 170 minutes from the existing limit of 140 minutes.
  • Questions in each section, Quantitative Ability & Data Interpretation, Verbal Ability & Logical Reasoning have been increased to 50 in each section from the existing 30 questions.
  • Candidates have the flexibility for devoting more or less time to each section according to their ability and they can switch over from one section to another section for the duration of the examination.
  • Tutorial to understand the format of the examination will not be available before the start of the examination. Candidates are advised to do the tutorials, from the website well in advance.

Commenting on the changes introduced, Dr. Rohit Kapoor, CAT 2014 Convenor mentions, “We have reduced the testing window to four sessions spread over 2 days to make the process faster. To make the process smooth, we have increased the number of test cities to 99 this year as compared to 40 in 2013. Our new testing partner TCS has huge experience of conducting several national level tests like GATE, JEE, AIPMT, JIPMER. We will be utilizing their technical expertise and capacity to offer testing comfort to the CAT aspirants.”


Earlier in May 2014, it was revealed that Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) would be the online testing partner for CAT 2014 and the exam will be conducted by IIM Indore this year as well. Prometric India Private Limited was the test conducting body since 2009, the year when CAT became computer based. The five year contract ended with CAT 2013.


Also Read:

Changes in CAT 2014 aimed at making process more efficient: Dr Rohit Kapoor, Convenor, CAT 2014

CAT 2014 – Know the changes to adapt in next 3 months

CAT 2014 to be conducted by IIM Indore; TCS to be the next conducting agency


Stay tuned to for more news and updates on CAT 2014.  

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Showing 8294 out of 8294 Questions

whats think different in a CMAT and a cat

Shiksha 28th Mar, 2020


Although both the exams are for getting into Bschools in India for post graduation but there is a huge difference between the two:

  • Cat is common admission test and cmat is common management admission test
  • Cat is one of the most popular exam in india for management given by around 2 lakhs of people and cmat is given by a lesser candidates around 50k-60k.
  • Most of the bschools & iim accept cat score and around only 400+ colleges in india iccepts cmat score.
  • Cat has a higher difficulty level and cmat is a bit on the easier side.
  • Both exams are online but the exam pattern is different. Apart from quantitative ability, verbal ability and logical reasoning that are there in both the exams, cmat also an additional section for gk & current affairs.
  • There are very few top colleges through cmat and many top colleges through cat that you can target.
  • I hope this helps.

what percentile in cat do I need if I have 84 percent in 10th and 92 percent in 12th to get into IIM Indore?

ADIL KHAN Student Expert 28th Mar, 2020

Hii Suraj,

IIM Indore is one such B-school which values your previous academic marks a lot. Your graduation marks matter too. And the stream from which you graduated. You have a good score in class 12th but an average one in class 10th. See it is just not your acads but your work-ex if any, your extracurriculars matter too.

You'll still need a percentile somewhat above 98+ if you are a student of Commerce background. Being from tech. background furthermore makes it difficult for one to get in.

You can visit the following link for more info-

You can reach out to us for more information regarding admissions entrance tests etc.

Hope it helps.



Is it possible to get elegible for mba course without work experience in s p jain and if eligible then at what cat score open category student gets admitted.

Manidipa Kundu Student Expert 27th Mar, 2020


see it is not mandatory to have work experience to join 2 year mba program in sp jain, however if you opt for executive mba then work experience is necessary.

sp jain offers mba courses on Marketing, Operations, Information Management & Finance.

sp jain selection criteria is two types 1> profile based, 2> profile cum score based.

as per previous years cutoff cat overall percentile was 85. with 75 percentile cutoff in sectional. sp jain observes candidates based on their academic score, extracurricular activities, achievements and relevant work experience.


how many % required in 12th for cat

Shaurya Kapoor 27th Mar, 2020

It basically depends upon from college to college and the criteria for short listing. But if you wish to make it to the top colleges of CAT it is advised to score very high percentage of marks in your class x and class xii.

Every year the percentage needed for shortlistment is changed by the college.

The overall shortlistment depends upon your performance in class x and xii , your grades in college , extra curricular activities and your work experience.

All the Best !!!?


will i get earth science in 515 score in iit gwahati in gen cat. Or water resources

Manidipa Kundu Student Expert 27th Mar, 2020


I have mentioned the previous years cutoff of civil engineering for iit guwahati below in various stream for general category,

StructuralEngineering    CE    713

Geotechnical Engineering    CE    627

Transportation Systems Engineering    CE    639

Water Resources Engineering    CE    590

Infrastructure Engineering and Management    CE    627

so you have less chances for iit guwahati.

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